Safety engineering is the process of
designing workplaces to prevent accidents. Engineering Safety Concepts
provides detailed approaches and modes for accident reduction by using a
risk management process to identify and "design out" hazards.
Accidents can and do happen. Workplaces and
factories which may use machinery, chemicals, and other potentially
hazardous elements, are always possible sites for accidents which may
cause injury, or even death if a comprehensive engineering safety approach
is not taken..
The multidisciplinary nature of safety engineering means that a very broad
array of professionals are actively involved in accident prevention or
Safety engineering concepts
provide the structure for both safety and industrial design engineers to
develop intrinsically safe equipment, systems, processes and facilities.
When employed early in a design process, safety engineers provide insight
into how people will interface with the equipment and facility design.
Ideally, early on safety design will ensure not only safe design for
people, but also, a safe operational concept that will carry over into
capabilities for the facility to handle industrial and non-industrial
incidents and minimize the cause-effect. Engineered safety includes
fail safe process equipment, fault-tolerant equipment, fire safety
features and enclosed hazardous systems that prevent exposure to both
workers and the environment.
Safety engineering also is
the key component for eliminating hazards that would otherwise be
controlled by either administrative controls or use of personal protective
equipment as a barrier between a hazard and a worker. These
engineered safeguards include machine guards, selection of less hazardous
equipment, development of maintenance schedules to ensure equipment
safety, audit and inspection procedures, selection of safer tools, safety
review of new equipment, employee maintenance training, safe design of the
flow of material and people through a facility and risk analysis for both
possible man-made and natural incidents.
Safe engineered design
concepts include all environmental aspects of the workplace such as
lighting, noise levels, atmospheric contaminants, ambient and localized
temperature extremes, slip resistance of flooring materials, emergency
escape routes and fire suppression and alarm systems.
Safety evaluation of
in-coming utilities includes ensuring backup supplies for process critical
systems for both power and water. Electrical systems are evaluated
to prevent additional facility expansion or equipment from creating
stresses to the electrical distribution system.
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