pathogens are microorganisms such as viruses or bacteria that
are carried in blood and can cause disease in people.
Bloodborne Pathogen control in the workplace is an essential program
to keep employees safe if they are required to provide first aid care in
Post Exposure Procedures
- Document the route of
exposure and exposure event circumstances
- Identify and document
the source individual
- Test the source
individual's blood for HBV and HIV as soon as possible.
- Have your blood tested
- Administer post
- Provide counseling.
- Evaluate reported
Employers who have employees who are occupationally exposed to bloodborne
pathogens or other potentially infectious materials, and who are required to
maintain a log of occupational injuries and illnesses under existing
recordkeeping rules, must also maintain a sharps injury log. That log will be
maintained in a manner that protects the privacy of employees.
are many different Bloodborne Pathogens including,
Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
Bloodborne Pathogen Exposure control is achieved though use of Universal
Precautions, use of proper PPE, access control to biohazard
waste & storage, use of proper disinfectant and disposal
procedures and employee training.
pathogens can be transmitted through contact with infected human
blood and other potentially infectious body fluids
exposure can occur through:
puncture from contaminated needles, broken glass, or other sharps
between broken or damaged skin and infected body fluids
between mucous membranes and infected body fluids
there is blood-to-blood contact with infected blood or body
fluids, there is a slight potential for transmission. Unbroken
skin forms an impervious barrier against bloodborne pathogens.
However, infected blood can enter your system through:
sort of damaged or broken skin such as sunburn or blisters
In an emergency
situation involving blood or potentially infectious materials, you should always
use Universal Precautions and try to minimize your exposure by wearing gloves,
splash goggles, pocket mouth-to-mouth resuscitation masks, and other barrier
If you are exposed, however, you should:
Wash the exposed area
thoroughly with soap and running water. Use non-abrasive, antibacterial soap if
If blood is splashed in
the eye or mucous membrane, flush the affected area with running water for at
least 15 minutes.
Engineering Controls include all control measures that isolate or remove
bloodborne pathogen a hazard from the workplace, such as sharps disposal
containers and self-sheathing needles. The original bloodborne pathogens
standard was not specific regarding the applicability of various engineering
controls (other than the above examples) in the healthcare setting.