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Job Safety Analysis (JSA) & Safe Operating Procedures Workplace Safety Program
Job Safety Analysis(JSAís) is a process of determining physical requirements, environmental conditions and safety factors relating to a specific job or task. JSAís are best used for stationary or repetitive production tasks or product movement, in which the job, equipment and work environment change very little.
Safe Operating Procedures(SOPís) are written step-by-step procedures for a specific non-repetitive task which may be hazardous or critical. The purpose of an SOP is to provide written guidance for a particular task such that any qualified person can successfully and safely complete the task. SOPís are best developed and used for highly skilled jobs and when the equipment and work environment change often. For example, an SOP with appropriate warnings and cautions, would best be developed and used for tasks such as confined space entry, maintenance tasks, lockout-tagout, welding operations, system startup and shutdown.
The most important person in JSA process is the Supervisor, who is in constant contact with employees and should be familiar with the hazards in their Department. Supervisors are in a better position to recognize and correct unsafe acts and conditions as they occur.
Forms and documents available for developing SOPs and JSAs are:
A Safe Operating Procedure consists of:
SOPís may be permanently posted or consist of multi-page instructions that are to be reviewed prior to each time a qualified person performs the task.
SOPís are developed and completed by the following steps:
1. Draft Development of SOPs
2. Review and approval of SOPs
3. Implementation of SOPs
4. Review and updating SOPs
5. Periodic Training using SOPs
A Job Safety Analysis consist of:
Job Safety Analysis are completed through the followings steps:
1. Development of JSAís
2. Review and approval of JSAís
3. Implementation of JSAís
4. Review and updating JSAís
5. Periodic Training using JSAís
Development of JSA/SOP
There are many ways to develop JSA/SOPs, however, observation and team approach has proven the most reliable. By watching the tasks, the observer can see first hand what is required, recognize the hazards and recommend alternatives. Below is the sequence used to develop a JSA/SOP: