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Job Safety Analysis (JSA) & Safe Operating Procedures Workplace Safety Program


Job Safety Analysis (JSAís) is a process of determining physical requirements, environmental conditions and safety factors relating to a specific job or task. JSAís are best used for stationary or repetitive production tasks or product movement, in which the job, equipment and work environment change very little.

Safe Operating Procedures (SOPís) are written step-by-step procedures for a specific non-repetitive task which may be hazardous or critical. The purpose of an SOP is to provide written guidance for a particular task such that any qualified person can successfully and safely complete the task. SOPís are best developed and used for highly skilled jobs and when the equipment and work environment change often. For example, an SOP with appropriate warnings and cautions, would best be developed and used for tasks such as confined space entry, maintenance tasks, lockout-tagout, welding operations, system startup and shutdown.

JSAís/SOPís provide

  • PPE determination process
  • Resource for supervisors to train new employees
  • Control of job steps
  • Identification and control of potential hazards
  • Benchmark for accident investigation
  • Review of employee performance



  • ensure complete & effective JSAís are developed for all production tasks
  • ensure JSAís are reviewed with new hires and annually thereafter
  • utilize JSAís and SOPís in accident investigations and retraining
  • ensure JSAís & SOPís are modified if a new step or process is added
  • ensure SOPís are developed for non-routine tasks that have a high degree of safety risk


  • use JSAís and SOPís to train all new employees
  • use JSAís and SOPís when performing job performance evaluations
  • develop and submit JSAís for all tasks in their area of responsibility
  • review JSAís annually with all employees assigned to their department

The most important person in JSA process is the Supervisor, who is in constant contact with employees and should be familiar with the hazards in their Department. Supervisors are in a better position to recognize and correct unsafe acts and conditions as they occur.

Safety Coordinator:

  • assist Management and Supervisors in developing JSAs and SOPs
  • maintain a master file of all JSAs and SOPs
  • ensure new JSAs or SOPs are developed for new equipment or processes
  • ensure SOPs are posted for tasks that occur at fixed locations (i.e.. Bench Grinders, Boiler Operations, etc)



Forms and documents available for developing SOPs and JSAs are:

Job Safety Analysis Form

Job Safety Analysis Task Steps

Task Hazard Assessment Worksheet

Task Hazard Prevention & Control Worksheet

SOP Process

A Safe Operating Procedure consists of:

A written step by step procedure for a specific task

A description of possible hazards & cautions

Hazard Control steps

List of required personal protective equipment (PPE)

Qualifications required for the operation

SOPís may be permanently posted or consist of multi-page instructions that are to be reviewed prior to each time a qualified person performs the task.

SOPís are developed and completed by the following steps:

1. Draft Development of SOPs

2. Review and approval of SOPs

3. Implementation of SOPs

4. Review and updating SOPs

5. Periodic Training using SOPs


JSA Process

A Job Safety Analysis consist of:

1. Job Physical Requirements

2. Job Environmental Conditions

3. Personal Protective Equipment required

4. Sequence of Basic Job Steps

5. Potential Accident or Hazards associated with each step

6. Safe Job Practice for each step

Job Safety Analysis are completed through the followings steps:

1. Development of JSAís

2. Review and approval of JSAís

3. Implementation of JSAís

4. Review and updating JSAís

5. Periodic Training using JSAís


Development of JSA/SOP

There are many ways to develop JSA/SOPs, however, observation and team approach has proven the most reliable. By watching the tasks, the observer can see first hand what is required, recognize the hazards and recommend alternatives. Below is the sequence used to develop a JSA/SOP:

1. Select the most experienced employee to observe

2. Explain the purpose of your observations

3. Observe the task and define the steps used to complete the assignment

4. Record the basic steps

5. Review the steps with the observed Employee for clarity

6. Observe the task a second time and identify any hazard potentials and record the findings. Hazard types include:


Contact with Chemicals

Caught on or between



Fall or Slip

Over exertion

Cumulative Trauma

7. Observe the task a third time to develop corrective measures to all

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