Construction Safety Requirements

Construction safety requires that employers assess the construction site to determine if the walking or working surfaces on which employees are to work have the strength and structural integrity to safely support workers. Employees are not permitted to work on those construction or facility surfaces until it has been determined that the surfaces have the requisite strength and structural integrity to support the workers.

Once employers have determined that the construction site surface is safe for employees to work on, the employer must select one of the options listed for the work operation if a fall hazard is present.

Construction site Contractors must follow the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard requirements including use safe handling and storage of chemicals. Construction Contractors are required to inform -the-lead contractor of all hazardous substances which may be brought on to the construction site property, including providing the most current Material Safety Data Sheet for each substance. All spills and leaks of hazardous chemicals at the construction site must be immediately reported to the on-site safety supervisor.

Before any excavation actually begins at a construction site, OSHA requires construction contractors to determine the estimated location of utility installations — sewer, telephone, fuel, electric, water lines, or any other underground installations — that may be encountered during digging to ensure safe construction operations. Also, before starting the excavation, the construction contractor must contact the utility companies or owners involved and inform them, within established or customary local response times, of the proposed work. The construction contractor must also ask the utility companies or owners to find the exact location of the underground installations. To ensure safe operations at construction sites, iIf underground installations are exposed, OSHA regulations also require that they be removed, protected or properly supported. When all the necessary specific information about the construction job site is assembled, the contractor can safely determine the amount, kind, and cost of the safety equipment needed. A careful inventory of the safety items on hand should be made before deciding what additional safety material must be acquired.

Construction Scaffold Safety

The most common accident involving scaffolds at construction sites is a fall to a lower level. That's quite obvious, since the purpose of erecting scaffolds is to provide a safe place to work when you must work at a height above ground level. It is up to the construction contractor to safely determine the exact scaffold requirements to provide for safety around scaffolds.

All construction site scaffolds must be constructed to safely support a weight four times the maximum intended load. For example, a scaffold normally expected to hold a 200 pound man and his twenty pounds of material should be designed to support 880 pounds without breaking. To be on the safe side, you should never load a scaffold beyond the maximum intended weight. Always inspect the construction site scaffold. Make sure the planks are laid with their edges close together so no tools or materials can slip through and strike someone below. Plank ends must be overlapped at least twelve inches or nailed, so the planks will not move when you walk on them. Construction scaffold planks must not extend more than 18 inches or less than six inches beyond the supports. If the planks extend more than 18 inches, you run the risk of walking on unsupported ends.

Construction Hand & Power Tool Safety

Professionals in the construction industry take pride in their crafts and certainly in the tools they use. any tools that are designed to have guards and handles must have those guards and handles unaltered and they must be in place at all times.

Tying back a guard on a saw doesn't make any sense and anyone removing a guard, handle, or using an unguarded tool will be subject to dismissal from the jobsite. It's just too important to take chances. The power supply for electrical tools must be disconnected when not in use or when changing blades, bits, discs or other routine maintenance tasks.

Loose clothing, rings or other jewelry cannot be worn around operating tools or machines. Keep shirt sleeves buttoned. Industrial leather gloves should be worn when using tools. Before you use any grinding tools, you must be trained and authorized. Using grinders without proper training is asking for trouble.

When grinders are rotating, the operator must assure the operator is in a balanced position and the momentum of the disc will carry the tool away from the operator if it becomes stuck.

Dead-man switches are required on all tools. If you release the power trigger, the tool must shut off. Lock-on devices are prohibited. Make sure all hand and powered hand tools are in serviceable condition before you use them.

Construction Contractor Safety

As a Construction Industry Contractor, it's important for you and all employees on the jobsite to work and act safely. It's a responsibility.

Regardless of your job, your trade or your relationship with the General Contractor, or other contractors working on the job site, there are basic safety rules that must be followed at all times. Each company or contractor has the responsibility to make sure all employees follow safety and health rules and any specific or special rules of the jobsite.

Each contractor should have a written Injury and Illness Prevention Plan for employees that documents the job safety and health requirements and to make sure all employees are trained in these requirements. Employee safety training, regardless of job experience is mandatory. General safe work practices are important, as is specific training for those jobs with potential special hazards, such as crane operation, powder actuated tools, welding, grinding or other specific type jobs. Each employer on the job site is responsible for all training documentation, OSHA recordkeeping and other required documentation. All employers on a job site are responsible for a written and properly implemented Hazard Communications program, which includes Material Safety Data Sheets for each chemical on the worksite.

In addition to appropriate worker compensation and liability coverage for all employees, it's important that adequate first aid supplies and trained persons be available. Emergency telephone numbers for fire, police and paramedics should be maintained by all work site employers.

Construction accounts for more fatal work injuries, than most of any industry sector. Two occupational groups (construction and extraction occupations and transportation and material moving occupations) together account for nearly half of all fatal work injuries.

Construction accounted for 1,239 fatal work injuries, the most of any industry sector in 2006. The total for construction represented an increase of 3 percent over the 2005 total. Fatalities among specialty trade contractors rose 6 percent due primarily to higher numbers of fatal work injuries among building finishing contractors and roofing contractors.

Two occupational groups (construction and extraction occupations and transportation and material moving occupations) together accounted for nearly half of all fatal work injuries.

Construction laborers accounted for the highest number of fatal work injuries among construction and extraction occupations, accounting for 360 fatal work injuries. Fatalities among electricians, roofers, painters, and drywall and ceiling tile installers also rose. Fatalities decreased among carpenters, construction trade helpers, and among plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters.

Construction hazards

Construction is one of the largest and most dangerous industries in the United States. Bodily harm as a result of misusing equipment or through plain negligence can range anywhere from cuts and scrapes to loss of sight or limbs and even death. Because of all the hazards a construction worker encounters in a typical day, injuries occur regularly. And of those injuries, eye injuries, in particular, are the most common.

What causes eye injuries

Two main reasons for construction site eye injuries on the job are: not wearing eye protection or wearing the wrong kind of eye protection for the job. Not wearing eye protection is obviously dangerous. What most workers don't realize, however, is that wearing the wrong kind of eye protection can be just as hazardous. In fact, most workers who have suffered eye injuries while wearing protective eyewear realize later that the trauma was inflicted from objects or chemicals going around or under their ill-fitting safety eyewear.

Unfortunately for construction workers, their line of work puts them in contact with just about every eye hazard known to the safety industry: impact, ultraviolet radiation, liquid splash and infrared radiation. Many construction tasks generate flying debris which can seriously injure the eyes. From wood and paint chips to dirt, concrete particles and even nails, a construction worker's eyes are constantly and most often at risk from impact hazards. Injuries from ultraviolet radiation (UV), liquid splash, and infrared radiation (IR) occur also but are notas common.

If you work in outdoor construction sites, UV rays are present in ordinary sunlight and can cause great damage to the eyes. Because construction often takes workers both indoors and out, workers in this industry often don't see this hazard as a serious one. Construction workers also come in contact with highly toxic cleaning chemicals, paints and adhesives. For this reason, liquid/chemical splash hazards are prevalent. Contact from these substances can cause momentary vision loss or even blindness, not to mention burning and discomfort in the eyes.

Last but not least is infrared radiation. The torch welding and cutting that construction workers do produces an invisible hazard that can damage the cornea and retina of the eye. In extreme cases, it causes blindness.

All materials in the members area for this topic index

Program Material

(16)
Programs (written)
MS-WORD Aerial And Scissors Lift Program Safety Program
MS-WORD Concrete Mix And Pour Safety Program
MS-WORD Construction Fall Protection Safety Program
MS-WORD Construction Site Employee Safety Training Manual Safety Program
MS-WORD Contractor Safety Program
MS-WORD Crane And Hoist Safety Program
MS-WORD Critical Lifts Safety Program
MS-WORD Demolition Safety Program
MS-WORD Excavation And Trenching Safety Program
MS-WORD Fall Protection Program For Construction Safety Program
MS-WORD Fall Protection Work Plan Safety Program
MS-WORD Fleet Safety Program
MS-WORD Fleet Safety Program
MS-WORD Ladder Safety Program
MS-WORD Safety Harness Inspection Safety Program
MS-WORD Sling Safety Program
(6)
Program Development
MS-WORD Confined Space New Standard Easy Read
MS-WORD Demolition Safety Management Program Development
MS-WORD Excavation Safety Program Requirements Program Development
MS-WORD Fall Prevention Work Plan Program Development
MS-WORD Manual Material Handling Program Development
MS-WORD Mechanical Material Handling Program Development
(23)
Fact Sheets
MS-WORD Assigned Protection Factors OSHA 2009 Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Construction Fall Protection Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Construction Ladder Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Construction Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Electrical Personal Protection Equipment PPE Safety Topic Fact Sheet Checks
MS-WORD Electrical Personal Protection Equipment PPE Safety Topic Fact Sheet Use
MS-WORD Electrical Work Practices Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Fall Emergency Response Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Fall Rescue Techniques Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Ground Fault Protection Construction Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Lifting Sling Configurations Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Mobile Crane Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Power Tool Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Steel Erection What OSHA Requires Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Topic Construction Electrical Trade Safety
MS-WORD Topic Construction Excavators Backhoes
MS-WORD Topic Construction Facts 1
MS-WORD Topic Construction Facts 2
MS-WORD Topic Construction Facts 3
MS-WORD Topic Construction Facts 4
MS-WORD Topic Construction Facts 5
MS-WORD Topic Construction Facts 6
MS-WORD Topic Construction Facts 7

Forms & Documents

(1)
Audits
MS-WORD Contractor Safety Audit Guide
(6)
Checklists
MS-WORD Concrete Mix And Pour Safety Checklist
MS-WORD Crane Qualification Checklist
MS-WORD Critical Lift Checklist
MS-WORD Demolition Checklist
MS-WORD Grounding Checks Form Checklist
MS-WORD Soil Analysis Checklist
(8)
Forms
MS-WORD Contractor Safety Evaluation Form
MS-WORD Contractor Work Permit Form
MS-WORD Crane Hand Signals Form
MS-WORD Crane Operator License Form
MS-WORD Daily Excavation Inspection Form
MS-WORD Explosive Blasting Permit Form
MS-WORD Floor Grating Removal Permit Form
MS-WORD Floor Grating Removal Procedure Form
(28)
Inspections
MS-WORD Barricades Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Blasting Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Chain Sling Inspection Form
MS-WORD Concrete And Masonry Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Contractor Assessment Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Demolition Safety Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Electrical Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Excavation And Shoring Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Fire Prevention Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Flammable Liquid And Material Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Hazard Communication Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Heavy Equipment Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Hoists Cranes And Derricks Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Housekeeping And Sanitation Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Jobsite General Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Ladder Inspection Form
MS-WORD Ladders And Scaffolds Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Material Handling And Storage Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Motor Vehicles Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Personal Protective Equipment Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Rigging Inspection Form
MS-WORD Road Work Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Safety Harness Inspection Form
MS-WORD Security Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Steel Erection Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Tool Safety Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Welding And Cutting Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Wire Rope Sling Inspection Form

Training Material

(6)
Accident Reports
MS-WORD Metal Fish Tape Electrical Accident
MS-WORD Nail Gun Accident
MS-WORD Scaffold Contacts Powerline Electrical Accident
MS-WORD Scaffold Fatality Accident
MS-WORD Trench Box Accident
MS-WORD Trenching Fatality Accident
(9)
Articles
MS-WORD Contractor Hazard Communication Safety Article
MS-WORD Excavation Cave Ins Safety Article
MS-WORD Eye Safety In Construction Safety Article
MS-WORD Glove For Vibration Hazards Safety Article
MS-WORD Hearing Protection Effective Use Safety Article
MS-WORD Protection In The Cold Safety Article
MS-WORD Safe Ladders Safety Article
MS-WORD Scaffold Safety Basics Safety Article
MS-WORD Winter Ready Safety Article
(2)
Guides
MS-WORD Ergonomics Manual Material Handling Improvement Guide
MS-WORD Topic Construction Site Electrical Hazards Check Guide
(12)
Handouts
MS-WORD Cement Safety Training Handout Spanish
MS-WORD Cement Safety Training Handout
MS-WORD Fall Protection Harnesses Training Handout
MS-WORD Fall Protection Training Handout
MS-WORD Falls In Construction Bridges Decks
MS-WORD Falls In Construction Floor Openings
MS-WORD Fixed Scaffolds
MS-WORD Heavy Equipment Backhoe Safety Handout
MS-WORD Heavy Equipment Safety Handout 1
MS-WORD Heavy Equipment Safety Handout
MS-WORD Heavy Equipment Skid Steer Handout
MS-WORD Respiratory Protection In Construction
(3)
Management
MS-WORD Contractor EHS Program REV 2018
MS-WORD Contractor HSE Handbook Acceptance Form REV 2018
MS-WORD Policy Sign Sheet
(1)
Outlines
MS-WORD Excavation Safety Training Outline
(21)
PowerPoints
MS-PPT Asbestos In Construction PowerPoint
MS-PPT Crane Contacts Power Lines Incident PowerPoint Spanish
MS-PPT Crane Contacts Power Lines Incident PowerPoint
MS-PPT Electrical Construction 10 Hour
MS-PPT Electrical Measurement Safety PowerPoint
MS-PPT Electrical Safety Qualified Employees PowerPoint Spanish
MS-PPT Electrical Safety Qualified Employees PowerPoint
MS-PPT Electrical Safety for Electricians and Power Tool Users PowerPoint
MS-PPT Excavations 10 Hour
MS-PPT Fall Protection 10 Hour
MS-PPT Fall Protection Systems PowerPoint
MS-PPT Ladder Safety 02 PowerPoint
MS-PPT Ladder Safety Construction PowerPoint
MS-PPT PPE Construction 10 Hour
MS-PPT Pump Jack Scaffold Safety PowerPoint
MS-PPT Scaffolds 10 Hour
MS-PPT Silica Hazards PowerPoint
MS-PPT Stair Ladders 10 Hour
MS-PPT Steel Erection Construction PowerPoint Spanish
MS-PPT Steel Erection Construction PowerPoint
MS-PPT Supported Scaffold Safety PowerPoint
(4)
Supervisor
MS-WORD 2brief Hotweather
MS-WORD 3brief Power Drill Safety
MS-WORD 3brief Scaffolds
MS-WORD 3brief Tools
(13)
Talks
MS-WORD Construction Fall Prot Talk
MS-WORD Construction Flagging Talk
MS-WORD Construction Hand Tool Talk
MS-WORD Construction Ladders Talk
MS-WORD Construction Mat Handling Talk
MS-WORD Construction Powder Acct Tools Talk
MS-WORD Construction Rigging Talk
MS-WORD Construction Scaffold Talk
MS-WORD Construction Slings Talk
MS-WORD Construction Slip Fall Talk
MS-WORD Construction Sub Contractor Talk
MS-WORD Construction Trenching Talk
MS-WORD Maint Cranes Slings Talk
(8)
Videos
OnLine Arc Flash Hazards
OnLine Eye Protection
OnLine Fall Prevention
OnLine Fall Protection Tie Off
OnLine Forklift Carbon Monoxide Hazard
OnLine Forklifts and Pedestrians
OnLine Hearing Conservation Construction
OnLine Trenching Basics

Awareness

(2)
Safety Comic Strip
MS-WORD Comic Archive Fall Protection Safety Comic Strip
MS-WORD Comic Archive PPE Foot Safety Safety Comic Strip

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