Construction Safety Programs

Construction safety covers a vast range of topics, equipment and circumstances. Construction work requires that employees from numerous contractors work together on the same construction site. And that site, situations and environment can undergo significant changes every hour and every day. Below are examples from the members library safety manual areas related to construction worksite safety.

Construction Worksite Fall Prevention

You can fall from any height and be seriously injured or killed. In the construction industry, as well as any other industry, when falls from heights happen, they're usually very serious.

Basically, fall protection is something that keeps you from falling from a certain height. Whenever you're working six or more feet high, OSHA requires fall protection.

A personal fall arrest system, generally has five components. A FULL BODY HARNESS, A LANYARD, SNAPHOOKS, AN ANCHORAGE POINT AND the fifth component is knowledge of how the system works and how to take care of the equipment.

Snaphooks connect the lanyard to your body harness. Connecting is easy by just connecting the snaphooks to the D ring on your harness. Connect them only to the D rings or anchor point. They cannot be connected directly to the harness webbing or other points... only a D ring or anchor point.

AN ANCHORAGE POINT is the place where your lanyard is attached to a solid, unmovable object which can support up to 5,000 pounds.

Employers are required to provide a training program for each employee who might be exposed to fall hazards. The program allows each employee to recognize the hazards of falling and shall train each employee in the procedures to be followed in order to minimize the hazard.

Scaffolding Worksite Safety Rules

1. Follow the manufacturer's instructions when erecting the scaffold.
2. Do not work on scaffolds outside during stormy or windy weather.
3. Do not climb on scaffolds that wobble or lean to one side.
4. Initially inspect the scaffold prior to mounting it. Do not use a scaffold if any pulley, block, hook or fitting is visibly worn, cracked, rusted or otherwise damaged. Do not use a scaffold if any rope is frayed, torn or visibly damaged.
5. Do not use any scaffold tagged "Out of Service."
6. Do not use unstable objects such as barrels, boxes, loose brick or concrete blocks to support scaffolds or planks.
7. Do not work on platforms or scaffolds unless they are fully planked.
8. Do not use a scaffold unless guardrails and all flooring are in place.
9. Level the scaffold after each move. Do not extend adjusting leg screws more than 12 inches.
10. Do not walk or work beneath a scaffold unless a wire mesh has been installed between the midrail and the toeboard or planking.
11. Use your safety belts and lanyards when working on scaffolding at a height of 10 feet or more above ground level. Attach the lanyard to a secure member of the scaffold.
12. Do not climb the cross braces for access to the scaffold. Use the ladder.
13. Do not jump from, to, or between scaffolding.
14. Do not slide down cables, ropes or guys used for bracing.
15. Keep both feet on the decking. Do not sit or climb on the guardrails.
16. Do not lean out from the scaffold. Do not rock the scaffold.
17. Keep the scaffold free of scraps, loose tools, tangled lines and other obstructions.
18. Do not throw anything "overboard" unless a spotter is available. Use the debris chutes or lower things by hoist or by hand.
19. Do not move a mobile scaffold if anyone is on the scaffold.
20. Chock the wheels of the rolling scaffold, using the wheel blocks, and also lock the wheels by using your foot to depress the wheel-lock, before using the scaffold.

CONSTRUCTION TRENCHING AND SHORING OPERATIONS

Excavations and trench cave-ins account for a growing number of fatalities and serious injuries in construction. Such accidents seldom have a single specific cause. Usually, there is a series of separate, yet related causes resulting from such factors.

A trench is referred to as a narrow excavation in which the depth is greater than the width, although the width is not greater than 15 feet. An excavation is any man made cavity or depression in the earth's surface. This can include excavations for anything from cellars to highways. Current OSHA regulations require that all excavations over 5 feet deep be sloped, shored, sheeted, braced or otherwise supported. When soil conditions are unstable, excavations shallower than 5 feet also must be sloped, supported or shored. You may have heard the term: Angle of Repose. This is a method of ensuring safety in an excavation or trench by sloping the sides of the cut, to the angel of repose which is the angel closest to the perpendicular at which the soil will remain at rest. The angle of repose varies with different kinds' of soil and must be determined on each individual project.

Whatever support system is used, workers should always apply shoring starting from the top of the trench or excavation and working down. In installing the shoring, care must be taken to place the cross beams or trench jacks in true horizontal position and to space them vertically at appropriate intervals. These braces also must be secured to prevent sliding, falling or kick-outs. Installing the shoring should closely follow the excavation work. It's dangerous to allow trenches to remain un-shored even if no work is being done in them. Dirt walls will slough off, causing dangerous overhangs. The longer a trench is left unsupported, the greater the chance of a cave in. In some cases, the contractor will have to guard against an unstable excavation bottom, such as below the water line. Sheeting may have to be driven below the bottom of such an excavation to add to the soil stability.

Shoring systems must be inspected daily by a competent person. Inspections also are required after rainstorms or any change in conditions that can increase the possibility of a cave in or slide. If dangerous ground movements are apparent, such as subsidence or tension cracks, all work in the excavation must be stopped until the problem has been corrected. In case of an emergency, workers must be able to leave the trench quickly. When employees are required to be in trenches 4 feet deep or more, adequate means of exit, such as a ladder or steps, shall be provided and located so as to require no more than 25 feet lateral travel. Ladders must be in good condition, extend from the floor of the trench to 3 feet above the top of the excavation and be secured at the top.

SUB CONTRACTOR WORKSITE SAFETY

Each company or contractor has the responsibility to make sure all employees follow safety and health rules and any specific or special rules of the jobsite.

Each contractor should have a written Injury and Illness Prevention Plan for employees that documents the job safety and health requirements and to make sure all employees are trained in these requirements. Employee safety training, regardless of job experience is mandatory. General safe work practices are important, as is specific training for those jobs with potential special hazards, such as crane operation, powder actuated tools, welding, grinding or other specific type jobs. Each employer on the job site is responsible for all training documentation, OSHA recordkeeping and other required documentation. All employers on a job site are responsible for a written and properly implemented Hazard Communications program, which includes Material Safety Data Sheets for each chemical on the worksite.

Generally, all persons shall follow safe work practices, render every possible aid to safe operations and report all unsafe conditions or practices to their foreman or site superintendent so they can be corrected. Foremen or supervisors shall insist on employees observing and obeying every applicable company, state or federal regulation and order as is necessary to the safe conduct of the work and shall take such action as is necessary to obtain compliance.

No burning, welding or other source of ignition shall be applied to any enclosed tank or vessel, even if there are some openings, until it has first been determined that no possibility of explosion exists and authority for the work is obtained from the foreman or superintendent.

Only appropriate tools for each job will be used. All tools and equipment shall be maintained in good condition. Damaged tools or equipment shall be removed from service and tagged defective and not used until repaired or replaced. Portable electric tools shall not be lifted or lowered by means of the power cord, however, they can be lifted with ropes. Electric cords shall not be exposed to damage from vehicles. Workers shall not handle or tamper with any electrical equipment, machinery, or air or water lines in a manner not within the scope of their duties, unless they have received proper training and instructions from their foreman.

All materials in the members area for this topic index

Program Material

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Programs (written)
MS-WORD Aerial And Scissors Lift Program Safety Program
MS-WORD Concrete Mix And Pour Safety Program
MS-WORD Construction Fall Protection Safety Program
MS-WORD Construction Site Employee Safety Training Manual Safety Program
MS-WORD Contractor Safety Program
MS-WORD Crane And Hoist Safety Program
MS-WORD Critical Lifts Safety Program
MS-WORD Demolition Safety Program
MS-WORD Excavation And Trenching Safety Program
MS-WORD Fall Protection Program For Construction Safety Program
MS-WORD Fall Protection Work Plan Safety Program
MS-WORD Fleet Safety Program
MS-WORD Fleet Safety Program
MS-WORD Ladder Safety Program
MS-WORD Safety Harness Inspection Safety Program
MS-WORD Sling Safety Program
(6)
Program Development
MS-WORD Confined Space New Standard Easy Read
MS-WORD Demolition Safety Management Program Development
MS-WORD Excavation Safety Program Requirements Program Development
MS-WORD Fall Prevention Work Plan Program Development
MS-WORD Manual Material Handling Program Development
MS-WORD Mechanical Material Handling Program Development
(23)
Fact Sheets
MS-WORD Assigned Protection Factors OSHA 2009 Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Construction Fall Protection Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Construction Ladder Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Construction Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Electrical Personal Protection Equipment PPE Safety Topic Fact Sheet Checks
MS-WORD Electrical Personal Protection Equipment PPE Safety Topic Fact Sheet Use
MS-WORD Electrical Work Practices Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Fall Emergency Response Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Fall Rescue Techniques Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Ground Fault Protection Construction Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Lifting Sling Configurations Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Mobile Crane Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Power Tool Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Steel Erection What OSHA Requires Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Topic Construction Electrical Trade Safety
MS-WORD Topic Construction Excavators Backhoes
MS-WORD Topic Construction Facts 1
MS-WORD Topic Construction Facts 2
MS-WORD Topic Construction Facts 3
MS-WORD Topic Construction Facts 4
MS-WORD Topic Construction Facts 5
MS-WORD Topic Construction Facts 6
MS-WORD Topic Construction Facts 7

Forms & Documents

(1)
Audits
MS-WORD Contractor Safety Audit Guide
(6)
Checklists
MS-WORD Concrete Mix And Pour Safety Checklist
MS-WORD Crane Qualification Checklist
MS-WORD Critical Lift Checklist
MS-WORD Demolition Checklist
MS-WORD Grounding Checks Form Checklist
MS-WORD Soil Analysis Checklist
(8)
Forms
MS-WORD Contractor Safety Evaluation Form
MS-WORD Contractor Work Permit Form
MS-WORD Crane Hand Signals Form
MS-WORD Crane Operator License Form
MS-WORD Daily Excavation Inspection Form
MS-WORD Explosive Blasting Permit Form
MS-WORD Floor Grating Removal Permit Form
MS-WORD Floor Grating Removal Procedure Form
(28)
Inspections
MS-WORD Barricades Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Blasting Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Chain Sling Inspection Form
MS-WORD Concrete And Masonry Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Contractor Assessment Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Demolition Safety Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Electrical Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Excavation And Shoring Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Fire Prevention Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Flammable Liquid And Material Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Hazard Communication Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Heavy Equipment Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Hoists Cranes And Derricks Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Housekeeping And Sanitation Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Jobsite General Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Ladder Inspection Form
MS-WORD Ladders And Scaffolds Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Material Handling And Storage Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Motor Vehicles Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Personal Protective Equipment Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Rigging Inspection Form
MS-WORD Road Work Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Safety Harness Inspection Form
MS-WORD Security Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Steel Erection Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Tool Safety Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Welding And Cutting Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Wire Rope Sling Inspection Form

Training Material

(6)
Accident Reports
MS-WORD Metal Fish Tape Electrical Accident
MS-WORD Nail Gun Accident
MS-WORD Scaffold Contacts Powerline Electrical Accident
MS-WORD Scaffold Fatality Accident
MS-WORD Trench Box Accident
MS-WORD Trenching Fatality Accident
(9)
Articles
MS-WORD Contractor Hazard Communication Safety Article
MS-WORD Excavation Cave Ins Safety Article
MS-WORD Eye Safety In Construction Safety Article
MS-WORD Glove For Vibration Hazards Safety Article
MS-WORD Hearing Protection Effective Use Safety Article
MS-WORD Protection In The Cold Safety Article
MS-WORD Safe Ladders Safety Article
MS-WORD Scaffold Safety Basics Safety Article
MS-WORD Winter Ready Safety Article
(2)
Guides
MS-WORD Ergonomics Manual Material Handling Improvement Guide
MS-WORD Topic Construction Site Electrical Hazards Check Guide
(12)
Handouts
MS-WORD Cement Safety Training Handout Spanish
MS-WORD Cement Safety Training Handout
MS-WORD Fall Protection Harnesses Training Handout
MS-WORD Fall Protection Training Handout
MS-WORD Falls In Construction Bridges Decks
MS-WORD Falls In Construction Floor Openings
MS-WORD Fixed Scaffolds
MS-WORD Heavy Equipment Backhoe Safety Handout
MS-WORD Heavy Equipment Safety Handout 1
MS-WORD Heavy Equipment Safety Handout
MS-WORD Heavy Equipment Skid Steer Handout
MS-WORD Respiratory Protection In Construction
(3)
Management
MS-WORD Contractor EHS Program REV 2018
MS-WORD Contractor HSE Handbook Acceptance Form REV 2018
MS-WORD Policy Sign Sheet
(1)
Outlines
MS-WORD Excavation Safety Training Outline
(21)
PowerPoints
MS-PPT Asbestos In Construction PowerPoint
MS-PPT Crane Contacts Power Lines Incident PowerPoint Spanish
MS-PPT Crane Contacts Power Lines Incident PowerPoint
MS-PPT Electrical Construction 10 Hour
MS-PPT Electrical Measurement Safety PowerPoint
MS-PPT Electrical Safety Qualified Employees PowerPoint Spanish
MS-PPT Electrical Safety Qualified Employees PowerPoint
MS-PPT Electrical Safety for Electricians and Power Tool Users PowerPoint
MS-PPT Excavations 10 Hour
MS-PPT Fall Protection 10 Hour
MS-PPT Fall Protection Systems PowerPoint
MS-PPT Ladder Safety 02 PowerPoint
MS-PPT Ladder Safety Construction PowerPoint
MS-PPT PPE Construction 10 Hour
MS-PPT Pump Jack Scaffold Safety PowerPoint
MS-PPT Scaffolds 10 Hour
MS-PPT Silica Hazards PowerPoint
MS-PPT Stair Ladders 10 Hour
MS-PPT Steel Erection Construction PowerPoint Spanish
MS-PPT Steel Erection Construction PowerPoint
MS-PPT Supported Scaffold Safety PowerPoint
(4)
Supervisor
MS-WORD 2brief Hotweather
MS-WORD 3brief Power Drill Safety
MS-WORD 3brief Scaffolds
MS-WORD 3brief Tools
(13)
Talks
MS-WORD Construction Fall Prot Talk
MS-WORD Construction Flagging Talk
MS-WORD Construction Hand Tool Talk
MS-WORD Construction Ladders Talk
MS-WORD Construction Mat Handling Talk
MS-WORD Construction Powder Acct Tools Talk
MS-WORD Construction Rigging Talk
MS-WORD Construction Scaffold Talk
MS-WORD Construction Slings Talk
MS-WORD Construction Slip Fall Talk
MS-WORD Construction Sub Contractor Talk
MS-WORD Construction Trenching Talk
MS-WORD Maint Cranes Slings Talk
(8)
Videos
OnLine Arc Flash Hazards
OnLine Eye Protection
OnLine Fall Prevention
OnLine Fall Protection Tie Off
OnLine Forklift Carbon Monoxide Hazard
OnLine Forklifts and Pedestrians
OnLine Hearing Conservation Construction
OnLine Trenching Basics

Awareness

(2)
Safety Comic Strip
MS-WORD Comic Archive Fall Protection Safety Comic Strip
MS-WORD Comic Archive PPE Foot Safety Safety Comic Strip

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Driving & Medication
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Electrical Arc Flash Hazards
Emergency Planning
Ergonomics
Eye Protection
Fall Prevention
Fall Protection - Tie Off
Forklift Carbon Monoxide Hazard
Forklift Tipover Accidents
Forklifts & Pedestrians
Healthcare Worker Safety
Hearing Conservation
Hot Work Dangers
Ladder Safety
Lockout - Tagout
Office Safety
Reactive Chemical Hazards - Process
Safety
Safety For Small Business
Substance Abuse
Trenching Basics
Understanding Job Stress - for Managers
Young Worker Safety


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