Construction Safety Programs

Construction safety covers a vast range of topics, equipment and circumstances. Construction work requires that employees from numerous contractors work together on the same construction site. And that site, situations and environment can undergo significant changes every hour and every day. Below are examples from the members library safety manual areas related to construction worksite safety.

Construction Worksite Fall Prevention

You can fall from any height and be seriously injured or killed. In the construction industry, as well as any other industry, when falls from heights happen, they're usually very serious.

Basically, fall protection is something that keeps you from falling from a certain height. Whenever you're working six or more feet high, OSHA requires fall protection.

A personal fall arrest system, generally has five components. A FULL BODY HARNESS, A LANYARD, SNAPHOOKS, AN ANCHORAGE POINT AND the fifth component is knowledge of how the system works and how to take care of the equipment.

Snaphooks connect the lanyard to your body harness. Connecting is easy by just connecting the snaphooks to the D ring on your harness. Connect them only to the D rings or anchor point. They cannot be connected directly to the harness webbing or other points... only a D ring or anchor point.

AN ANCHORAGE POINT is the place where your lanyard is attached to a solid, unmovable object which can support up to 5,000 pounds.

Employers are required to provide a training program for each employee who might be exposed to fall hazards. The program allows each employee to recognize the hazards of falling and shall train each employee in the procedures to be followed in order to minimize the hazard.

Scaffolding Worksite Safety Rules

1. Follow the manufacturer's instructions when erecting the scaffold.
2. Do not work on scaffolds outside during stormy or windy weather.
3. Do not climb on scaffolds that wobble or lean to one side.
4. Initially inspect the scaffold prior to mounting it. Do not use a scaffold if any pulley, block, hook or fitting is visibly worn, cracked, rusted or otherwise damaged. Do not use a scaffold if any rope is frayed, torn or visibly damaged.
5. Do not use any scaffold tagged "Out of Service."
6. Do not use unstable objects such as barrels, boxes, loose brick or concrete blocks to support scaffolds or planks.
7. Do not work on platforms or scaffolds unless they are fully planked.
8. Do not use a scaffold unless guardrails and all flooring are in place.
9. Level the scaffold after each move. Do not extend adjusting leg screws more than 12 inches.
10. Do not walk or work beneath a scaffold unless a wire mesh has been installed between the midrail and the toeboard or planking.
11. Use your safety belts and lanyards when working on scaffolding at a height of 10 feet or more above ground level. Attach the lanyard to a secure member of the scaffold.
12. Do not climb the cross braces for access to the scaffold. Use the ladder.
13. Do not jump from, to, or between scaffolding.
14. Do not slide down cables, ropes or guys used for bracing.
15. Keep both feet on the decking. Do not sit or climb on the guardrails.
16. Do not lean out from the scaffold. Do not rock the scaffold.
17. Keep the scaffold free of scraps, loose tools, tangled lines and other obstructions.
18. Do not throw anything "overboard" unless a spotter is available. Use the debris chutes or lower things by hoist or by hand.
19. Do not move a mobile scaffold if anyone is on the scaffold.
20. Chock the wheels of the rolling scaffold, using the wheel blocks, and also lock the wheels by using your foot to depress the wheel-lock, before using the scaffold.

CONSTRUCTION TRENCHING AND SHORING OPERATIONS

Excavations and trench cave-ins account for a growing number of fatalities and serious injuries in construction. Such accidents seldom have a single specific cause. Usually, there is a series of separate, yet related causes resulting from such factors.

A trench is referred to as a narrow excavation in which the depth is greater than the width, although the width is not greater than 15 feet. An excavation is any man made cavity or depression in the earth's surface. This can include excavations for anything from cellars to highways. Current OSHA regulations require that all excavations over 5 feet deep be sloped, shored, sheeted, braced or otherwise supported. When soil conditions are unstable, excavations shallower than 5 feet also must be sloped, supported or shored. You may have heard the term: Angle of Repose. This is a method of ensuring safety in an excavation or trench by sloping the sides of the cut, to the angel of repose which is the angel closest to the perpendicular at which the soil will remain at rest. The angle of repose varies with different kinds' of soil and must be determined on each individual project.

Whatever support system is used, workers should always apply shoring starting from the top of the trench or excavation and working down. In installing the shoring, care must be taken to place the cross beams or trench jacks in true horizontal position and to space them vertically at appropriate intervals. These braces also must be secured to prevent sliding, falling or kick-outs. Installing the shoring should closely follow the excavation work. It's dangerous to allow trenches to remain un-shored even if no work is being done in them. Dirt walls will slough off, causing dangerous overhangs. The longer a trench is left unsupported, the greater the chance of a cave in. In some cases, the contractor will have to guard against an unstable excavation bottom, such as below the water line. Sheeting may have to be driven below the bottom of such an excavation to add to the soil stability.

Shoring systems must be inspected daily by a competent person. Inspections also are required after rainstorms or any change in conditions that can increase the possibility of a cave in or slide. If dangerous ground movements are apparent, such as subsidence or tension cracks, all work in the excavation must be stopped until the problem has been corrected. In case of an emergency, workers must be able to leave the trench quickly. When employees are required to be in trenches 4 feet deep or more, adequate means of exit, such as a ladder or steps, shall be provided and located so as to require no more than 25 feet lateral travel. Ladders must be in good condition, extend from the floor of the trench to 3 feet above the top of the excavation and be secured at the top.

SUB CONTRACTOR WORKSITE SAFETY

Each company or contractor has the responsibility to make sure all employees follow safety and health rules and any specific or special rules of the jobsite.

Each contractor should have a written Injury and Illness Prevention Plan for employees that documents the job safety and health requirements and to make sure all employees are trained in these requirements. Employee safety training, regardless of job experience is mandatory. General safe work practices are important, as is specific training for those jobs with potential special hazards, such as crane operation, powder actuated tools, welding, grinding or other specific type jobs. Each employer on the job site is responsible for all training documentation, OSHA recordkeeping and other required documentation. All employers on a job site are responsible for a written and properly implemented Hazard Communications program, which includes Material Safety Data Sheets for each chemical on the worksite.

Generally, all persons shall follow safe work practices, render every possible aid to safe operations and report all unsafe conditions or practices to their foreman or site superintendent so they can be corrected. Foremen or supervisors shall insist on employees observing and obeying every applicable company, state or federal regulation and order as is necessary to the safe conduct of the work and shall take such action as is necessary to obtain compliance.

No burning, welding or other source of ignition shall be applied to any enclosed tank or vessel, even if there are some openings, until it has first been determined that no possibility of explosion exists and authority for the work is obtained from the foreman or superintendent.

Only appropriate tools for each job will be used. All tools and equipment shall be maintained in good condition. Damaged tools or equipment shall be removed from service and tagged defective and not used until repaired or replaced. Portable electric tools shall not be lifted or lowered by means of the power cord, however, they can be lifted with ropes. Electric cords shall not be exposed to damage from vehicles. Workers shall not handle or tamper with any electrical equipment, machinery, or air or water lines in a manner not within the scope of their duties, unless they have received proper training and instructions from their foreman.

All materials in the members area for this topic index

Program Material

Programs (written)
(16)
 Aerial And Scissors Lift Program Safety Program   Download  MS-WORD
 Concrete Mix And Pour Safety Program   Download  MS-WORD
 Construction Fall Protection Safety Program   Download  MS-WORD
 Construction Site Employee Safety Training Manual Safety Program   Download  MS-WORD
 Contractor Safety Program   Download  MS-WORD
 Crane And Hoist Safety Program   Download  MS-WORD
 Critical Lifts Safety Program   Download  MS-WORD
 Demolition Safety Program   Download  MS-WORD
 Excavation And Trenching Safety Program   Download  MS-WORD
 Fall Protection Program For Construction Safety Program   Download  MS-WORD
 Fall Protection Work Plan Safety Program   Download  MS-WORD
 Fleet Safety Program   Download  MS-WORD
 Fleet Safety Program   Download  MS-WORD
 Ladder Safety Program   Download  MS-WORD
 Safety Harness Inspection Safety Program   Download  MS-WORD
 Sling Safety Program   Download  MS-WORD
Program Development
(6)
 Confined Space New Standard Easy Read   Download  MS-WORD
 Demolition Safety Management Program Development   Download  MS-WORD
 Excavation Safety Program Requirements Program Development   Download  MS-WORD
 Fall Prevention Work Plan Program Development   Download  MS-WORD
 Manual Material Handling Program Development   Download  MS-WORD
 Mechanical Material Handling Program Development   Download  MS-WORD
Fact Sheets
(23)
 Assigned Protection Factors OSHA 2009 Safety Topic Fact Sheet   Download  MS-WORD
 Construction Fall Protection Safety Topic Fact Sheet   Download  MS-WORD
 Construction Ladder Safety Topic Fact Sheet   Download  MS-WORD
 Construction Safety Topic Fact Sheet   Download  MS-WORD
 Electrical Personal Protection Equipment PPE Safety Topic Fact Sheet Checks   Download  MS-WORD
 Electrical Personal Protection Equipment PPE Safety Topic Fact Sheet Use   Download  MS-WORD
 Electrical Work Practices Safety Topic Fact Sheet   Download  MS-WORD
 Fall Emergency Response Safety Topic Fact Sheet   Download  MS-WORD
 Fall Rescue Techniques Safety Topic Fact Sheet   Download  MS-WORD
 Ground Fault Protection Construction Safety Topic Fact Sheet   Download  MS-WORD
 Lifting Sling Configurations Safety Topic Fact Sheet   Download  MS-WORD
 Mobile Crane Safety Topic Fact Sheet   Download  MS-WORD
 Power Tool Safety Topic Fact Sheet   Download  MS-WORD
 Steel Erection What OSHA Requires Safety Topic Fact Sheet   Download  MS-WORD
 Topic Construction Electrical Trade Safety   Download  MS-WORD
 Topic Construction Excavators Backhoes   Download  MS-WORD
 Topic Construction Facts 1   Download  MS-WORD
 Topic Construction Facts 2   Download  MS-WORD
 Topic Construction Facts 3   Download  MS-WORD
 Topic Construction Facts 4   Download  MS-WORD
 Topic Construction Facts 5   Download  MS-WORD
 Topic Construction Facts 6   Download  MS-WORD
 Topic Construction Facts 7   Download  MS-WORD

Forms & Documents

Audits
(1)
 Contractor Safety Audit Guide   Download  MS-WORD
Checklists
(6)
 Concrete Mix And Pour Safety Checklist   Download  MS-WORD
 Crane Qualification Checklist   Download  MS-WORD
 Critical Lift Checklist   Download  MS-WORD
 Demolition Checklist   Download  MS-WORD
 Grounding Checks Form Checklist   Download  MS-WORD
 Soil Analysis Checklist   Download  MS-WORD
Forms
(8)
 Contractor Safety Evaluation Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Contractor Work Permit Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Crane Hand Signals Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Crane Operator License Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Daily Excavation Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Explosive Blasting Permit Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Floor Grating Removal Permit Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Floor Grating Removal Procedure Form   Download  MS-WORD
Inspections
(28)
 Barricades Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Blasting Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Chain Sling Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Concrete And Masonry Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Contractor Assessment Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Demolition Safety Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Electrical Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Excavation And Shoring Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Fire Prevention Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Flammable Liquid And Material Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Hazard Communication Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Heavy Equipment Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Hoists Cranes And Derricks Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Housekeeping And Sanitation Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Jobsite General Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Ladder Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Ladders And Scaffolds Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Material Handling And Storage Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Motor Vehicles Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Personal Protective Equipment Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Rigging Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Road Work Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Safety Harness Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Security Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Steel Erection Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Tool Safety Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Welding And Cutting Construction Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD
 Wire Rope Sling Inspection Form   Download  MS-WORD

Training Material

Accident Reports
(6)
 Metal Fish Tape Electrical Accident   Download  MS-WORD
 Nail Gun Accident   Download  MS-WORD
 Scaffold Contacts Powerline Electrical Accident   Download  MS-WORD
 Scaffold Fatality Accident   Download  MS-WORD
 Trench Box Accident   Download  MS-WORD
 Trenching Fatality Accident   Download  MS-WORD
Articles
(9)
 Contractor Hazard Communication Safety Article   Download  MS-WORD
 Excavation Cave Ins Safety Article   Download  MS-WORD
 Eye Safety In Construction Safety Article   Download  MS-WORD
 Glove For Vibration Hazards Safety Article   Download  MS-WORD
 Hearing Protection Effective Use Safety Article   Download  MS-WORD
 Protection In The Cold Safety Article   Download  MS-WORD
 Safe Ladders Safety Article   Download  MS-WORD
 Scaffold Safety Basics Safety Article   Download  MS-WORD
 Winter Ready Safety Article   Download  MS-WORD
Guides
(2)
 Ergonomics Manual Material Handling Improvement Guide   Download  MS-WORD
 Topic Construction Site Electrical Hazards Check Guide   Download  MS-WORD
Handouts
(13)
 Cement Safety Training Handout Spanish   Download  MS-WORD
 Cement Safety Training Handout   Download  MS-WORD
 Close calls   Download  MS-WORD
 Fall Protection Harnesses Training Handout   Download  MS-WORD
 Fall Protection Training Handout   Download  MS-WORD
 Falls In Construction Bridges Decks   Download  MS-WORD
 Falls In Construction Floor Openings   Download  MS-WORD
 Fixed Scaffolds   Download  MS-WORD
 Heavy Equipment Backhoe Safety Handout   Download  MS-WORD
 Heavy Equipment Safety Handout 1   Download  MS-WORD
 Heavy Equipment Safety Handout   Download  MS-WORD
 Heavy Equipment Skid Steer Handout   Download  MS-WORD
 Respiratory Protection In Construction   Download  MS-WORD
Management
(3)
 Contractor EHS Program REV 2018   Download  MS-WORD
 Contractor HSE Handbook Acceptance Form REV 2018   Download  MS-WORD
 Policy Sign Sheet   Download  MS-WORD
Outlines
(1)
 Excavation Safety Training Outline   Download  MS-WORD
PowerPoints
(21)
 Asbestos In Construction PowerPoint   Download  MS-PPT
 Crane Contacts Power Lines Incident PowerPoint Spanish   Download  MS-PPT
 Crane Contacts Power Lines Incident PowerPoint   Download  MS-PPT
 Electrical Construction 10 Hour   Download  MS-PPT
 Electrical Measurement Safety PowerPoint   Download  MS-PPT
 Electrical Safety Qualified Employees PowerPoint Spanish   Download  MS-PPT
 Electrical Safety Qualified Employees PowerPoint   Download  MS-PPT
 Electrical Safety for Electricians and Power Tool Users PowerPoint   Download  MS-PPT
 Excavations 10 Hour   Download  MS-PPT
 Fall Protection 10 Hour   Download  MS-PPT
 Fall Protection Systems PowerPoint   Download  MS-PPT
 Ladder Safety 02 PowerPoint   Download  MS-PPT
 Ladder Safety Construction PowerPoint   Download  MS-PPT
 PPE Construction 10 Hour   Download  MS-PPT
 Pump Jack Scaffold Safety PowerPoint   Download  MS-PPT
 Scaffolds 10 Hour   Download  MS-PPT
 Silica Hazards PowerPoint   Download  MS-PPT
 Stair Ladders 10 Hour   Download  MS-PPT
 Steel Erection Construction PowerPoint Spanish   Download  MS-PPT
 Steel Erection Construction PowerPoint   Download  MS-PPT
 Supported Scaffold Safety PowerPoint   Download  MS-PPT
Supervisor
(4)
 2brief Hotweather   Download  MS-WORD
 3brief Power Drill Safety   Download  MS-WORD
 3brief Scaffolds   Download  MS-WORD
 3brief Tools   Download  MS-WORD
Talks
(13)
 Construction Fall Prot Talk   Download  MS-WORD
 Construction Flagging Talk   Download  MS-WORD
 Construction Hand Tool Talk   Download  MS-WORD
 Construction Ladders Talk   Download  MS-WORD
 Construction Mat Handling Talk   Download  MS-WORD
 Construction Powder Acct Tools Talk   Download  MS-WORD
 Construction Rigging Talk   Download  MS-WORD
 Construction Scaffold Talk   Download  MS-WORD
 Construction Slings Talk   Download  MS-WORD
 Construction Slip Fall Talk   Download  MS-WORD
 Construction Sub Contractor Talk   Download  MS-WORD
 Construction Trenching Talk   Download  MS-WORD
 Maint Cranes Slings Talk   Download  MS-WORD
Videos
(8)
 Arc Flash Hazards   Download  OnLine
 Eye Protection   Download  OnLine
 Fall Prevention   Download  OnLine
 Fall Protection Tie Off   Download  OnLine
 Forklift Carbon Monoxide Hazard   Download  OnLine
 Forklifts and Pedestrians   Download  OnLine
 Hearing Conservation Construction   Download  OnLine
 Trenching Basics   Download  OnLine

Awareness

Safety Comic Strip
(2)
 Comic Archive Fall Protection Safety Comic Strip   Download  MS-WORD
 Comic Archive PPE Foot Safety Safety Comic Strip   Download  MS-WORD

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Topic Index

Accident Prevention
Air Quality
Asbestos
Bloodborne Pathogens
Boilers
Chemical Safety
Compressed Gas
Confined Space
Construction
Construction Worksite
Cranes & Slings
Driver / Fleet Safety
Drug Free Workplace
Electrical
Emergency Management
Engineering Safety
Environmental
Equipment
Ergonomics
Fall Protection
Fire Safety & Prevention
First Aid
Flammable Materials
Forklifts
Hazard Communication
Hazardous Materials
Hearing Protection
Heat Stress
Hot Work
Housekeeping
Job Safety Analysis
Laboratory
Ladders
Lead
Lockout-Tagout
Machinery & Equipment
Material Handling
MSDS (SDS)
Medical & First Aid
Occupational Health
Office Safety
Off the Job Safety
Personal Protection
Process Safety
Record Keeping
Respiratory Protection
Silica Safety
Rules & Policies
Signs & Labels
Slips, Trips & Fall
Training
Terrorism Programs
Tool Safety
Vehicle & Driver
Violence Programs
Welding & Hot Work

Training Videos

Back Safety
Chemical Corrosive
Chemical Environmental
Chemical Flammable
Chemical Harmful
Chemical Irritant
Chemical Risk
Chemical Toxic
Confined Space Death
Confined Space Hazards & Response
Driving & Medication
Drowsy Driving
Electrical Arc Flash Hazards
Emergency Planning
Ergonomics
Eye Protection
Fall Prevention
Fall Protection - Tie Off
Forklift Carbon Monoxide Hazard
Forklift Tipover Accidents
Forklifts & Pedestrians
Healthcare Worker Safety
Hearing Conservation
Hot Work Dangers
Ladder Safety
Lockout - Tagout
Office Safety
Reactive Chemical Hazards - Process
Safety
Safety For Small Business
Substance Abuse
Trenching Basics
Understanding Job Stress - for Managers
Young Worker Safety


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Sign & Label Maker

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Safety Manager Software

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1. Employee Info
2. Accident Reports
3. Incident Reports
4. Lockout - Tagout
5. Corrective Actions
6. Equipment Safety
7. Confined Space
8. Hot Work Permits
9. Vehicle Accidents
10. Safety Committee
11. Industrial Hygiene
12. IR Calculator
13. Respirator Schedule
14. Protective Equipment
15. Chemical Exposure
16. Event Planner
17. Expense Tracker
18. Job Safety Analysis
19. Chemical Data
20. Training Planner
21. Contractors
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