Construction safety covers a vast range of topics, equipment and circumstances. Construction work requires that employees from numerous contractors work together on the same construction site. And that site, situations and environment can undergo significant changes every hour and every day. Below are examples from the members library safety manual areas related to construction worksite safety.
You can fall from any height and be seriously injured or killed. In the construction industry, as well as any other industry, when falls from heights happen, they're usually very serious.
Basically, fall protection is something that keeps you from falling from a certain height. Whenever you're working six or more feet high, OSHA requires fall protection.
A personal fall arrest system, generally has five components. A FULL BODY HARNESS, A LANYARD, SNAPHOOKS, AN ANCHORAGE POINT AND the fifth component is knowledge of how the system works and how to take care of the equipment.
Snaphooks connect the lanyard to your body harness. Connecting is easy by just connecting the snaphooks to the D ring on your harness. Connect them only to the D rings or anchor point. They cannot be connected directly to the harness webbing or other points... only a D ring or anchor point.
AN ANCHORAGE POINT is the place where your lanyard is attached to a solid, unmovable object which can support up to 5,000 pounds.
Employers are required to provide a training program for each employee who might be exposed to fall hazards. The program allows each employee to recognize the hazards of falling and shall train each employee in the procedures to be followed in order to minimize the hazard.
1. Follow the manufacturer's instructions when erecting the scaffold.
2. Do not work on scaffolds outside during stormy or windy weather.
3. Do not climb on scaffolds that wobble or lean to one side.
4. Initially inspect the scaffold prior to mounting it. Do not use a scaffold if any pulley, block, hook or fitting is visibly worn, cracked, rusted or otherwise damaged. Do not use a scaffold if any rope is frayed, torn or visibly damaged.
5. Do not use any scaffold tagged "Out of Service."
6. Do not use unstable objects such as barrels, boxes, loose brick or concrete blocks to support scaffolds or planks.
7. Do not work on platforms or scaffolds unless they are fully planked.
8. Do not use a scaffold unless guardrails and all flooring are in place.
9. Level the scaffold after each move. Do not extend adjusting leg screws more than 12 inches.
10. Do not walk or work beneath a scaffold unless a wire mesh has been installed between the midrail and the toeboard or planking.
11. Use your safety belts and lanyards when working on scaffolding at a height of 10 feet or more above ground level. Attach the lanyard to a secure member of the scaffold.
12. Do not climb the cross braces for access to the scaffold. Use the ladder.
13. Do not jump from, to, or between scaffolding.
14. Do not slide down cables, ropes or guys used for bracing.
15. Keep both feet on the decking. Do not sit or climb on the guardrails.
16. Do not lean out from the scaffold. Do not rock the scaffold.
17. Keep the scaffold free of scraps, loose tools, tangled lines and other obstructions.
18. Do not throw anything "overboard" unless a spotter is available. Use the debris chutes or lower things by hoist or by hand.
19. Do not move a mobile scaffold if anyone is on the scaffold.
20. Chock the wheels of the rolling scaffold, using the wheel blocks, and also lock the wheels by using your foot to depress the wheel-lock, before using the scaffold.
Excavations and trench cave-ins account for a growing number of fatalities and serious injuries in construction. Such accidents seldom have a single specific cause. Usually, there is a series of separate, yet related causes resulting from such factors.
A trench is referred to as a narrow excavation in which the depth is greater than the width, although the width is not greater than 15 feet. An excavation is any man made cavity or depression in the earth's surface. This can include excavations for anything from cellars to highways. Current OSHA regulations require that all excavations over 5 feet deep be sloped, shored, sheeted, braced or otherwise supported. When soil conditions are unstable, excavations shallower than 5 feet also must be sloped, supported or shored. You may have heard the term: Angle of Repose. This is a method of ensuring safety in an excavation or trench by sloping the sides of the cut, to the angel of repose which is the angel closest to the perpendicular at which the soil will remain at rest. The angle of repose varies with different kinds' of soil and must be determined on each individual project.
Whatever support system is used, workers should always apply shoring starting from the top of the trench or excavation and working down. In installing the shoring, care must be taken to place the cross beams or trench jacks in true horizontal position and to space them vertically at appropriate intervals. These braces also must be secured to prevent sliding, falling or kick-outs. Installing the shoring should closely follow the excavation work. It's dangerous to allow trenches to remain un-shored even if no work is being done in them. Dirt walls will slough off, causing dangerous overhangs. The longer a trench is left unsupported, the greater the chance of a cave in. In some cases, the contractor will have to guard against an unstable excavation bottom, such as below the water line. Sheeting may have to be driven below the bottom of such an excavation to add to the soil stability.
Shoring systems must be inspected daily by a competent person. Inspections also are required after rainstorms or any change in conditions that can increase the possibility of a cave in or slide. If dangerous ground movements are apparent, such as subsidence or tension cracks, all work in the excavation must be stopped until the problem has been corrected. In case of an emergency, workers must be able to leave the trench quickly. When employees are required to be in trenches 4 feet deep or more, adequate means of exit, such as a ladder or steps, shall be provided and located so as to require no more than 25 feet lateral travel. Ladders must be in good condition, extend from the floor of the trench to 3 feet above the top of the excavation and be secured at the top.
Each company or contractor has the responsibility to make sure all employees follow safety and health rules and any specific or special rules of the jobsite.
Each contractor should have a written Injury and Illness Prevention Plan for employees that documents the job safety and health requirements and to make sure all employees are trained in these requirements. Employee safety training, regardless of job experience is mandatory. General safe work practices are important, as is specific training for those jobs with potential special hazards, such as crane operation, powder actuated tools, welding, grinding or other specific type jobs. Each employer on the job site is responsible for all training documentation, OSHA recordkeeping and other required documentation. All employers on a job site are responsible for a written and properly implemented Hazard Communications program, which includes Material Safety Data Sheets for each chemical on the worksite.
Generally, all persons shall follow safe work practices, render every possible aid to safe operations and report all unsafe conditions or practices to their foreman or site superintendent so they can be corrected. Foremen or supervisors shall insist on employees observing and obeying every applicable company, state or federal regulation and order as is necessary to the safe conduct of the work and shall take such action as is necessary to obtain compliance.
No burning, welding or other source of ignition shall be applied to any enclosed tank or vessel, even if there are some openings, until it has first been determined that no possibility of explosion exists and authority for the work is obtained from the foreman or superintendent.
Only appropriate tools for each job will be used. All tools and equipment shall be maintained in good condition. Damaged tools or equipment shall be removed from service and tagged defective and not used until repaired or replaced. Portable electric tools shall not be lifted or lowered by means of the power cord, however, they can be lifted with ropes. Electric cords shall not be exposed to damage from vehicles. Workers shall not handle or tamper with any electrical equipment, machinery, or air or water lines in a manner not within the scope of their duties, unless they have received proper training and instructions from their foreman.
|Aerial And Scissors Lift Program Safety Program|
|Concrete Mix And Pour Safety Program|
|Construction Fall Protection Safety Program|
|Construction Site Employee Safety Training Manual Safety Program|
|Contractor Safety Program|
|Crane And Hoist Safety Program|
|Critical Lifts Safety Program|
|Demolition Safety Program|
|Excavation And Trenching Safety Program|
|Fall Protection Program For Construction Safety Program|
|Fall Protection Work Plan Safety Program|
|Fleet Safety Program|
|Fleet Safety Program|
|Ladder Safety Program|
|Safety Harness Inspection Safety Program|
|Sling Safety Program|
|Confined Space New Standard Easy Read|
|Demolition Safety Management Program Development|
|Excavation Safety Program Requirements Program Development|
|Fall Prevention Work Plan Program Development|
|Manual Material Handling Program Development|
|Mechanical Material Handling Program Development|
|Assigned Protection Factors OSHA 2009 Safety Topic Fact Sheet|
|Construction Fall Protection Safety Topic Fact Sheet|
|Construction Ladder Safety Topic Fact Sheet|
|Construction Safety Topic Fact Sheet|
|Electrical Personal Protection Equipment PPE Safety Topic Fact Sheet Checks|
|Electrical Personal Protection Equipment PPE Safety Topic Fact Sheet Use|
|Electrical Work Practices Safety Topic Fact Sheet|
|Fall Emergency Response Safety Topic Fact Sheet|
|Fall Rescue Techniques Safety Topic Fact Sheet|
|Ground Fault Protection Construction Safety Topic Fact Sheet|
|Lifting Sling Configurations Safety Topic Fact Sheet|
|Mobile Crane Safety Topic Fact Sheet|
|Power Tool Safety Topic Fact Sheet|
|Steel Erection What OSHA Requires Safety Topic Fact Sheet|
|Topic Construction Electrical Trade Safety|
|Topic Construction Excavators Backhoes|
|Topic Construction Facts 1|
|Topic Construction Facts 2|
|Topic Construction Facts 3|
|Topic Construction Facts 4|
|Topic Construction Facts 5|
|Topic Construction Facts 6|
|Topic Construction Facts 7|
Forms & Documents
|Contractor Safety Audit Guide|
|Concrete Mix And Pour Safety Checklist|
|Crane Qualification Checklist|
|Critical Lift Checklist|
|Grounding Checks Form Checklist|
|Soil Analysis Checklist|
|Contractor Safety Evaluation Form|
|Contractor Work Permit Form|
|Crane Hand Signals Form|
|Crane Operator License Form|
|Daily Excavation Inspection Form|
|Explosive Blasting Permit Form|
|Floor Grating Removal Permit Form|
|Floor Grating Removal Procedure Form|
|Barricades Construction Inspection Form|
|Blasting Construction Inspection Form|
|Chain Sling Inspection Form|
|Concrete And Masonry Construction Inspection Form|
|Contractor Assessment Construction Inspection Form|
|Demolition Safety Construction Inspection Form|
|Electrical Construction Inspection Form|
|Excavation And Shoring Construction Inspection Form|
|Fire Prevention Construction Inspection Form|
|Flammable Liquid And Material Construction Inspection Form|
|Hazard Communication Construction Inspection Form|
|Heavy Equipment Construction Inspection Form|
|Hoists Cranes And Derricks Construction Inspection Form|
|Housekeeping And Sanitation Construction Inspection Form|
|Jobsite General Construction Inspection Form|
|Ladder Inspection Form|
|Ladders And Scaffolds Construction Inspection Form|
|Material Handling And Storage Construction Inspection Form|
|Motor Vehicles Construction Inspection Form|
|Personal Protective Equipment Construction Inspection Form|
|Rigging Inspection Form|
|Road Work Construction Inspection Form|
|Safety Harness Inspection Form|
|Security Construction Inspection Form|
|Steel Erection Construction Inspection Form|
|Tool Safety Construction Inspection Form|
|Welding And Cutting Construction Inspection Form|
|Wire Rope Sling Inspection Form|
|Metal Fish Tape Electrical Accident|
|Nail Gun Accident|
|Scaffold Contacts Powerline Electrical Accident|
|Scaffold Fatality Accident|
|Trench Box Accident|
|Trenching Fatality Accident|
|Contractor Hazard Communication Safety Article|
|Excavation Cave Ins Safety Article|
|Eye Safety In Construction Safety Article|
|Glove For Vibration Hazards Safety Article|
|Hearing Protection Effective Use Safety Article|
|Protection In The Cold Safety Article|
|Safe Ladders Safety Article|
|Scaffold Safety Basics Safety Article|
|Winter Ready Safety Article|
|Ergonomics Manual Material Handling Improvement Guide|
|Topic Construction Site Electrical Hazards Check Guide|
|Cement Safety Training Handout Spanish|
|Cement Safety Training Handout|
|Fall Protection Harnesses Training Handout|
|Fall Protection Training Handout|
|Falls In Construction Bridges Decks|
|Falls In Construction Floor Openings|
|Heavy Equipment Backhoe Safety Handout|
|Heavy Equipment Safety Handout 1|
|Heavy Equipment Safety Handout|
|Heavy Equipment Skid Steer Handout|
|Respiratory Protection In Construction|
|Contractor EHS Program REV 2018|
|Contractor HSE Handbook Acceptance Form REV 2018|
|Policy Sign Sheet|
|Excavation Safety Training Outline|
|Asbestos In Construction PowerPoint|
|Crane Contacts Power Lines Incident PowerPoint Spanish|
|Crane Contacts Power Lines Incident PowerPoint|
|Electrical Construction 10 Hour|
|Electrical Measurement Safety PowerPoint|
|Electrical Safety Qualified Employees PowerPoint Spanish|
|Electrical Safety Qualified Employees PowerPoint|
|Electrical Safety for Electricians and Power Tool Users PowerPoint|
|Excavations 10 Hour|
|Fall Protection 10 Hour|
|Fall Protection Systems PowerPoint|
|Ladder Safety 02 PowerPoint|
|Ladder Safety Construction PowerPoint|
|PPE Construction 10 Hour|
|Pump Jack Scaffold Safety PowerPoint|
|Scaffolds 10 Hour|
|Silica Hazards PowerPoint|
|Stair Ladders 10 Hour|
|Steel Erection Construction PowerPoint Spanish|
|Steel Erection Construction PowerPoint|
|Supported Scaffold Safety PowerPoint|
|3brief Power Drill Safety|
|Construction Fall Prot Talk|
|Construction Flagging Talk|
|Construction Hand Tool Talk|
|Construction Ladders Talk|
|Construction Mat Handling Talk|
|Construction Powder Acct Tools Talk|
|Construction Rigging Talk|
|Construction Scaffold Talk|
|Construction Slings Talk|
|Construction Slip Fall Talk|
|Construction Sub Contractor Talk|
|Construction Trenching Talk|
|Maint Cranes Slings Talk|
|Arc Flash Hazards|
|Fall Protection Tie Off|
|Forklift Carbon Monoxide Hazard|
|Forklifts and Pedestrians|
|Hearing Conservation Construction|
Safety Comic Strip
|Comic Archive Fall Protection Safety Comic Strip|
|Comic Archive PPE Foot Safety Safety Comic Strip|
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