Fleet & Driver Safety - DOT Regulations

Operation, fleet maintenance and safety of commercial vehicles and commercial drivers qualifications, as well as drug and alcohol testing, is governed by Federal and State Department of Transportation (DOT).

A preventable vehicle accident is one which occurs because the driver fails to act in a reasonably expected manner to prevent it. In judging whether the driver's actions were reasonable, one seeks to determine whether the driver drove defensively and demonstrated an acceptable level of skill and knowledge. The judgment of what is reasonable can be based on a company-adopted definition, thus establishing a goal for its safety management programs.

Note that the above definition of preventable vehicle accident is focused on the actions of the driver. It is the commonly used definition in evaluating driver performance. A broader definition, which can be used to evaluate the driver's and the motor carrier's actions, is given by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations as follows: A preventable vehicle accident on the part of a motor carrier means an accident (1) that involved a commercial motor vehicle, and (2) that could have been averted but for an act, or failure to act, by the motor carrier, or the driver.

The concept of a preventable accident is a fleet safety management tool which achieves the following goals:
• It helps establish a safe driving standard for the driver.
• It provides a criterion for evaluating individual drivers.
• It provides an objective for accident investigations and evaluations.
• It provides a means for evaluating the safety performance of individual drivers and the fleet as a whole.
• It provides a means for monitoring the effectiveness of fleet safety programs.
• It assists in dealing with driver safety infractions.
• It assists in the implementation of safe driving recognition programs.

Substance Abuse

It has been well documented that drivers under the influence of alcohol or drugs have been involved in about half of all fatal traffic accidents. Drinking or substance abuse by drivers of alcohol or drugs cannot be tolerated. Company management must be acutely aware of the seriousness of this societal problem and establish procedures to effectively control it within their respective organizations.

Are the driving records and references of new-hire applicants checked thoroughly for evidence of drinking or substance abuse problems?
• Has a written policy been established which stipulates countermeasures that will be followed when dealing with abusers?
• Has a formal policy been made known to all drivers?
• Do drivers' immediate supervisors and dispatchers know how to identify personnel under the influence?
• Are immediate supervisors and dispatchers motivated to notify management about problem drivers?
• Has management educated drivers about the ways in which drinking and substance abuse affect driving performance?
• Does the company have a list of references and potential sources for help available to drivers?
• Be aware of marked changes in work behavior, personal relations, emotional moods and appearance of your drivers.
• Immediate supervisors are in the best position to observe unusual driver behavior.
• Do a thorough job in screening applicants regarding drinking and substance abuse. Your company can't afford to deal with the problems abusers will give you.

Essentials for Drivers:

• Don't drink and drive.
• Don't abuse drugs, legal or illegal.
• Find out if prescription or over-the-counter medications may adversely affect safe driving.
• Get help fast if you have, or think you may have an abuse problem.

More detailed information on fleet and driver safety management can be found in the Members Library

All materials in the members area for this topic index

Program Material

(7)
Programs (written)
MS-WORD Defensive Driving Policy Safety Program
MS-WORD Defensive Driving Safety Program
MS-WORD Drug Free Workplace Safety Program
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Conspicuity Requirements
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Haz Trans Plan
MS-WORD Fleet Safety Program
MS-WORD Vehicle Safety Program
(8)
Program Development
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Cargo Securement
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Caution Letter
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Cdl Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Fleet Driver D A Testrates
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Hazmat Security
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Veh Acc Def Driving
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Veh Acc Pre Eval
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Veh Pre Maint
(23)
Fact Sheets
MS-WORD Driver Hazards Loading Unloading Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Drugfree Companypolicy
MS-WORD Drugfree Recognizing Problem
MS-WORD Drugfree Testing Types
MS-WORD Fleet Driver 2012 Hos Regulations
MS-WORD Fleet Driver 2013 DOT Cdl Hours Of Service Summary
MS-WORD Fleet Driver 2013 Hos Comparison
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Conspicuity Images
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Drug Alcohol Rules
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Fleetwksheet Read
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Form Commercial Vehicle Pre Trip Inspection
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Fuel Island Spill
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Fuel Spill Road
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Fueling
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Hazmat Trans
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Law Alert
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Managing Security
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Security
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Trainer Lifting Tarp
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Truck Driver Stretches
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Truck Markings
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Us DOT Drug And Alcohol Testing Training
MS-WORD Suspension Trailer Inspection Safety Topic Fact Sheet

Forms & Documents

(4)
Checklists
MS-WORD Drug Free Workplace Program Checklist
MS-WORD Vehicle Safety Supervisor Safety Checklist
MS-EXCEL Fleet Driver Fleet Wksheet Samp
MS-EXCEL Fleet Driver Fleet Wksheet
(5)
Forms
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Haz Placards
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Pre Trip
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Veh Ws Use
MS-WORD Suspension Trailer Inspection Form
MS-WORD Vehicle Accident Report Analysis Worksheet Form
(1)
Inspections
MS-WORD Transporting Employees And Materials Inspection General Form

Training Material

(14)
Accident Reports
MS-WORD Fleet Driver ACC Awning
MS-WORD Fleet Driver ACC Brake Failure
MS-WORD Fleet Driver ACC Disconnect
MS-WORD Fleet Driver ACC Fatal Grade
MS-WORD Fleet Driver ACC Following
MS-WORD Fleet Driver ACC Gas Fire
MS-WORD Fleet Driver ACC Lowbed
MS-WORD Fleet Driver ACC Sedated
MS-WORD Fleet Driver ACC Utility Fatal
MS-WORD Fleet Driver ACC Wrong
MS-WORD Powerline And Truck Ladder Electrical
MS-WORD Transportation Worker Overhead Power Line Electrical Accident
MS-WORD Truck Driver Crane Electrical Accident
MS-WORD Truck Driver Unloading Material Electrical Accident
(2)
Crossword Puzzle
MS-WORD Driving Crossword Answer Key
MS-WORD Driving Crossword
(9)
Handouts
MS-WORD Dump Truck Safety
MS-WORD Fleet Driver ACC Prevention 2014
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Daydreaming
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Lifting Training Handout
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Medical Questionnaires
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Safety Rules
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Slip Flyer
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Why Safety Belt
MS-WORD US DOT Drug And Alcohol Testing Training Handout
(1)
Management
MS-WORD Drugfree
(2)
Outlines
MS-WORD Drugfree Programoutlines
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Fleetsafeytoutline
(2)
PowerPoints
MS-PPT Truck Driver Fatigue and Alertness PowerPoint Spanish
MS-PPT Truck Driver Fatigue and Alertness PowerPoint
(1)
Supervisor
MS-WORD 2 Minute Safety Brief Defensive Driving
(1)
Talks
MS-WORD Opps Trailor Loading Talk
(2)
Videos
OnLine Driving and Medication
OnLine Drowsy Driving

Awareness

(5)
Posters
MS-WORD Drug Car Poster
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Hijacking Brochure
MS-WORD Fleet Driver Hijacking Poster
MS-WORD Focus On Safety Poster
MS-WORD Marijuana Poster

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