Environmental & Indoor Air Quality Management

Programs, guides, and procedures help you prepare and pass environmental audits. Environmental Policy and Procedure explanations, and environmental management programs provide explanation for workplace environmental audits and their compliance.

Environmental Management

Environmental management system refers to managing organization's environmental programs in comprehensive systematic, planning and documented manner. It includes organizational structure, planning and resources for developing and implementing and maintaining policy for environmental protection.

Environmental management is not, as the phrase could suggest, the management of the environment as such, but rather the management of human impact upon the environment. The three main issues that affect managers are those involving politics, programs, and resources. The need for environmental management can be viewed from a variety of perspectives. A more common philosophy and impetus behind environmental management is the concept of carrying capacity. Simply put, carrying capacity refers to the maximum number of organisms a particular resource can sustain. The concept of carrying capacity, whilst understood by many cultures over history, has its roots in Malthusian theory.

Environmental management involves the management of all components of the bio-physical environment, both living and non-living. This is due to the interconnected and network of relationships amongst all living species and their habitats. The environment also involves the relationships of the human environment, such as the social, cultural and economic environment with the bio-physical environment.

As with all management functions, effective management tools, standards and systems are required. An 'environmental management standard or system or protocol attempts to reduce environmental impact as measured by some objective criteria. The ISO 14001 standard is the most widely used standard for environmental risk management and is closely aligned to the European Eco Management & Audit Scheme. As a common auditing standard, the ISO 19011 standard explains how to combine this with quality management.

The ISO 14000 standards reflect different aspects of environmental management. The following list outlines the broad coverage of each:
• Environmental Management Systems: 14001-2004, 14002, 14004
• Environmental Auditing: 19011
• Environmental Labeling: 14020, 14021, 14022, 14023, 14024, 14025
• Life Cycle Assessment: 14040, 14041, 14042, 14043

Other strategies exist that rely on making simple distinctions rather than building top-down management "systems" using performance audits and full cost accounting. For instance, Ecological Intelligent Design divides products into consumables, service products or durables and un-saleable - toxic products that no one should buy, or in many cases, do not realize they are buying. By eliminating the un-saleable from the comprehensive outcome of any purchase, better environmental management is achieved without "systems".

Today's businesses must comply with many Federal, State and local environmental laws, rules, and regulations. It's vital to safeguard your company against compliance short-cuts. This approach leaves you vulnerable to violations of the law, in addition to missing important environmental liabilities

Financial Benefits of Environmental Management

Cost savings through the reduction of waste and more efficient use of natural resources (electricity, water, gas and fuels.) Avoiding fines and penalties from not meeting environmental legislation by identifying environmental risks and addressing weaknesses. Reduction in insurance costs by demonstrating better risk management.

Operational and Internal Benefits of Environmental Management

Improved overall performance and efficiency. Able to monitor and reflect (audit) your businesses and see which areas need intervention.

External Benefits of Environmental Management

Better public perception of the organization, leading to improved sales Reduction of the impact (e.g. noises, smells, dust) of your activities on the local residents, leading to more community support.

Many EPA programs encourage industries to make environmental management part of their regular operations. The Agency offers guidance and assistance in developing and maintaining Environmental Management Systems and Environmental Auditing and Accounting systems that enable managers to assess their environmental performance and determine actual costs involved in managing waste. EPA guidance also is available to assist manufacturers in pollution prevention efforts such as adopting more efficient manufacturing processes and recycling used materials

The need for environmental management can be viewed from a variety of perspectives. A more common philosophy and impetus behind environmental management is the concept of carrying capacity. Simply put, carrying capacity refers to the maximum number of organisms a particular resource can sustain. Environmental management is the conservation of the environment. Environmental management involves the management of all components of the bio-physical environment, both living and non-living. This is due to the interconnected and network of relationships amongst all living species and their habitats. The environment also involves the relationships of the human environment, such as the social, cultural and economic environment with the bio-physical environment.

As with all management functions, effective management tools, standards and systems are required. An 'environmental management standard or system or protocol attempts to reduce environmental impact as measured by some objective criteria. The ISO 14001 standard is the most widely used standard for environmental risk management and is closely aligned to the European Eco Management & Audit Scheme (EMAS). As a common auditing standard, the ISO 19011 standard explains how to combine this with quality management.

Concerns about indoor air quality (IAQ) increased when energy conservation measures instituted in office buildings during the 1970s, minimized the introduction of outside air and contributed to the buildup of indoor air contaminants. IAQ generally refers to the quality of the air in an office environment. Other terms related to IAQ include indoor environmental quality (IEQ) and "sick building syndrome" (SBS). Complaints about Indoor Air Quality range from simple complaints, such as the air smelling odd, to more complex, where the air quality causes illness and lost work time. It may not be easy to identify a single reason for Indoor air quality complaints because of the number and variety of possible sources, causes, and varying individual sensitivities.

Indoor Air Quality Management

Indoor air pollution poses many challenges to the health professional. This material offers an overview of those challenges, focusing on acute conditions, with patterns that point to particular agents and suggestions for appropriate remedial action.

The individual presenting with environmentally associated symptoms is apt to have been exposed to airborne substances originating not outdoors, but indoors. Studies from the United States and Europe show that persons in industrialized nations spend more than 90 percent of their time indoors. For infants, the elderly, persons with chronic diseases, and most urban residents of any age, the proportion is probably higher. In addition, the concentrations of many pollutants indoors exceed those outdoors. The locations of highest concern are those involving prolonged, continuing exposure - that is, the home, school, and workplace.

The lung is the most common site of injury by airborne pollutants. Acute effects, however, may also include non-respiratory signs and symptoms, which may depend upon toxicological characteristics of the substances and host-related factors.

Heavy industry-related occupational hazards are generally regulated and likely to be dealt with by an on-site or company physician or other health personnel. This material addresses the indoor air pollution problems that may be caused by contaminants encountered in the daily lives of persons in their homes and offices. These are the problems more likely to be encountered by the primary health care provider.

Etiology can be difficult to establish because many signs and symptoms are nonspecific, making differential diagnosis a distinct challenge. Indeed, multiple pollutants may be involved. The challenge is further compounded by the similar manifestations of many of the pollutants and by the similarity of those effects, in turn, to those that may be associated with allergies, influenza, and the common cold. Many effects may also be associated, independently or in combination with, stress, work pressures, and seasonal discomforts.

Because a few prominent aspects of indoor air pollution, notably environmental tobacco smoke and "sick building syndrome," have been brought to public attention, individuals may volunteer suggestions of a connection between respiratory or other symptoms and conditions in the home or, especially, the workplace. Such suggestions should be seriously considered and pursued, with the caution that such attention could also lead to inaccurate attribution of effects. Questions listed in the diagnostic leads sections will help determine the cause of the health problem. The probability of an etiological association increases if the individual can convincingly relate the disappearance or lessening of symptoms to being away from the home or workplace.

All materials in the members area for this topic index

Air Quality

Program Material

(1)
Programs (written)
MS-WORD Air Contaminant
(1)
Program Development
MS-WORD Wood Dust Hazards
(23)
Fact Sheets
MS-WORD 01 Intro To Air Quality Control
MS-WORD 02 Health Diagnostic Quick Reference
MS-WORD 04 Health Tobacco Smoke
MS-WORD 05 Health Combustion Products
MS-WORD 06 Health CO
MS-WORD 07 Health NO2 SO2
MS-WORD 08 Health Biologicals
MS-WORD 09 Health TB
MS-WORD 10 Health Legionnaires
MS-WORD 11 Health VOC
MS-WORD 12 Health Heavy Metals
MS-WORD 13 Health Sick Building
MS-WORD 14 Health Asbestos Radon
MS-WORD 15 Qanda
MS-WORD Fume Hoods Safety Topic
MS-WORD Indoor Air Quality Home
MS-WORD Indoor Air Quality Iaq Safety Topic
MS-WORD Mold And Moisture Safety Topic
MS-WORD Mold In Workplace
MS-WORD Terrorism Building Protection 1
MS-WORD Terrorism Building Protection 2
MS-WORD Terrorism Building Protection 3
MS-WORD Terrorism Building Ventilation

Forms & Documents

(1)
Audits
MS-WORD EPA Air Quality Audit Guide
(2)
Checklists
MS-WORD 03 Symptom Diagnostic
MS-WORD Office Air Quality And Cleanliness Checklist
(1)
Forms
MS-WORD Air Sample Survey

Training Material

(1)
Articles
MS-WORD Indoor Environmental Quality Safety Article
(1)
Pamphlets
MS-WORD Indoor Air Quality Information Pamphlet
(3)
PowerPoints
MS-PPT Mold Control
MS-PPT Mold Control
MS-PPT Sick Building Syndrome

Environmental

Program Material

(1)
Programs (written)
MS-WORD Universal Waste Safety Program
(21)
Fact Sheets
MS-WORD 01 Intro To Air Quality Control
MS-WORD 02 Health Diagnostic Quick Reference
MS-WORD 04 Health Tobacco Smoke
MS-WORD 05 Health Combustion Products
MS-WORD 06 Health CO
MS-WORD 07 Health NO2 SO2
MS-WORD 08 Health Biologicals
MS-WORD 09 Health TB
MS-WORD 10 Health Legionnaires
MS-WORD 11 Health VOC
MS-WORD 12 Health Heavy Metals
MS-WORD 13 Health Sick Building
MS-WORD 14 Health Asbestos Radon
MS-WORD 15 Qanda
MS-WORD Environmental Laws Overview Safety Topic Fact Sheet
MS-WORD Mold And Moisture Safety Topic
MS-WORD Mold In Workplace
MS-WORD Terrorism Building Protection 1
MS-WORD Terrorism Building Protection 2
MS-WORD Terrorism Building Protection 3
MS-WORD Terrorism Building Ventilation

Forms & Documents

(21)
Audits
MS-WORD EPA Air Quality Audit Guide
MS-WORD EPA Cercla Audit Protocol
MS-WORD EPA Environmental Audit Appendix A
MS-WORD EPA Environmental Audit Appendix B
MS-WORD EPA Environmental Audit Appendix C
MS-WORD EPA Environmental Audit Appendix D
MS-WORD EPA Environmental Audit Appendix E
MS-WORD EPA Environmental Audit Appendix F
MS-WORD EPA Environmental Audit Appendix G
MS-WORD EPA Environmental Compliance Audit
MS-WORD EPA Environmental Policy Audit
MS-WORD EPA Environmental Program Audit
MS-WORD EPA Environmental Release And Corrective Actions Audit
MS-WORD EPA Environmental Treatment Storage Disposal Facility Protocal Audit
MS-WORD EPA Spill Prevention Cc Strom Water Plan Audit
MS-WORD EPA Storm Water Sampling Instructions Audit
MS-WORD EPA Waste Determination Audit
MS-WORD EPA Waste Management Audit
MS-WORD EPA Waste Water Manual Audit
MS-WORD EPA Wastewater Audit
MS-WORD On Site Tanks Audit
(6)
Checklists
MS-WORD 03 Symptom Diagnostic
MS-WORD EPA Audit Emergency Planning And Right To Know Checklist
MS-WORD EPA Audit For Small Quantity Generators Checklist
MS-WORD EPA Audit Monthly Environmental Checklist
MS-WORD Environmental Controls Checklist
MS-WORD General Environmental Housekeeping Checklist Audit
(4)
Forms
MS-WORD Air Sample Survey
MS-WORD EPA Oil Spill And Chem Release Form
MS-WORD EPA Storm Water Sampling Form
MS-WORD Environmental Release And Corrective Actions Form
(1)
Inspections
MS-WORD Environmental Conditions Inspection General Form

Training Material

(2)
Accident Reports
MS-WORD Bag Stackers Dust Control Accident
MS-WORD Molten Metal Spill Accident
(2)
Articles
MS-WORD Indoor Environmental Quality Safety Article
MS-WORD Medical Waste Safety Article
(11)
PowerPoints
MS-PPT 40 Hour HAZWOPER PowerPoint Spanish
MS-PPT 40 hour HAZWOPER PowerPoint
MS-PPT Environmental Regulations PowerPoint Spanish
MS-PPT Federal Environmental Regulations PowerPoint
MS-PPT HAZWOPER 8Hr Operations PowerPoint Spanish
MS-PPT HAZWOPER 8Hr Operations PowerPoint
MS-PPT Hazardous Waste Management Training PowerPoint Spanish
MS-PPT Hazardous Waste Management Training PowerPoint
MS-PPT Mold Control
MS-PPT Mold Control
MS-PPT Sick Building Syndrome

Policies & Procedures
Universal Waste Program
Environmental Management Policy (Template)
Environmental Management Program
Waste Water Manual
This manual provides up-to-date information on onsite wastewater treatment system (OWTS) siting, design, installation, maintenance, and replacement. It reflects significant advances that the expert community has identified to help OWTSs become more cost-effective and environmentally protective, particularly in small suburban and rural areas. This document is 1.4M Adobe Acrobat
Environmental Audits / Forms
Waste Management
Air Quality
Small Quantity Generator Checklist
Oil Spill & Chemical Release
On site Tank Audit
EP CRA Audit
General Audit
Hazardous Waste Audit
Waste Determination Audit
SPCC Audit
Waste Water Audit
Environmental Checklist (Monthly)
Release and Corrective Actions Form
Environmental Regulatory References
1. Environmental Compliance Audits of Hazardous Waste Generators under the RCRA
- Appendix A: Identification and Listing of Hazardous Waste
- Appendix B: Commercial Chemical Products or Manufacturing Chemical Intermediates Identified as Toxic Wastes
- Appendix C: Toxicity Characteristics Constituents and Regulatory Levels
- Appendix D: Identification of Hazardous Waste Hazardous Constituents
- Appendix E: Commercial Chemical Products or Manufacturing Chemical Intermediates Identified as Acute Hazardous Waste
- Appendix F: Potentially Incompatible Hazardous Wastes
- Appendix G: Land Disposal Restricted Wastes and Their Effective Dates
2. Environmental Compliance Audits under the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act
3. Environmental Compliance Audits under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act
4. Environmental Compliance Audits of Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facilities under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
Indoor Air Quality Resources
Written Program
Indoor Air Quality Contaminant Safety
Form
Air Sample Survey
Indoor Air Quality References
Introduction
Diagnostic Quick Reference
Diagnostic Checklist
Environmental Tobacco Smoke
Combustion Products
Carbon Monoxide
Nitrogen Dioxide and Sulfur Dioxide
Biologicals
Tuberculosis
Legionnaires' Disease
Volatile Organic Compounds
Mercury and Lead
Sick Building Syndrome
Asbestos & Radon
Frequently Asked Questions
Air Sample Survey
PowerPoint
Sick Building Syndrome
Mold Control
40 Hour Hazwoper Course
8 Hour Hazwoper Course
Hazardous Waste Training
Technical Papers
Guide to Mold in the Workplace
Mold & Moisture Control
Building Protection
NBC Recommendations - Building Ventilation

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Topic Index

Accident Prevention
Air Quality
Asbestos
Bloodborne Pathogens
Boilers
Chemical Safety
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Hazardous Materials
Hearing Protection
Heat Stress
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MSDS (SDS)
Medical & First Aid
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Off the Job Safety
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Record Keeping
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Silica Safety
Rules & Policies
Signs & Labels
Slips, Trips & Fall
Training
Terrorism Programs
Tool Safety
Vehicle & Driver
Violence Programs
Welding & Hot Work

Training Videos

Back Safety
Chemical Corrosive
Chemical Environmental
Chemical Flammable
Chemical Harmful
Chemical Irritant
Chemical Risk
Chemical Toxic
Confined Space Death
Confined Space Hazards & Response
Driving & Medication
Drowsy Driving
Electrical Arc Flash Hazards
Emergency Planning
Ergonomics
Eye Protection
Fall Prevention
Fall Protection - Tie Off
Forklift Carbon Monoxide Hazard
Forklift Tipover Accidents
Forklifts & Pedestrians
Healthcare Worker Safety
Hearing Conservation
Hot Work Dangers
Ladder Safety
Lockout - Tagout
Office Safety
Reactive Chemical Hazards - Process
Safety
Safety For Small Business
Substance Abuse
Trenching Basics
Understanding Job Stress - for Managers
Young Worker Safety


Library Index

Training Materials

Videos/Courses
Talks
Articles
PowerPoint
Handouts
Training Overheads
Quizzes
Supervisor Briefs
Management Briefs
Safety Sessions
2 Minute OSHA Safety Talks
Pamphlets
First Aid Training
Supervisor Training
Hazardous Materials
Bomb Threat
Crossword Puzzles
Biological Agents

Forms & Documents

Forms
Checklists
Audit Guides
Inspections Guides
Signs & Labels
Environmental Audit Guides
Recordkeeping - OSHA 300
Sign & Label Maker

Safety Management Resources

Safety Manuals/Written Programs
Ergonomic Programs
Emergency Plans
Process Safety Management
Construction Safety
Occupational Health
Environmental
Topic Sheets
DOT Fleet-Driver
Hazardous Materials
Chemical Safety
Drug Free Workplace
Terrorism Programs
Development Guides

Safety Manager Software

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1. Employee Info
2. Accident Reports
3. Incident Reports
4. Lockout - Tagout
5. Corrective Actions
6. Equipment Safety
7. Confined Space
8. Hot Work Permits
9. Vehicle Accidents
10. Safety Committee
11. Industrial Hygiene
12. IR Calculator
13. Respirator Schedule
14. Protective Equipment
15. Chemical Exposure
16. Event Planner
17. Expense Tracker
18. Job Safety Analysis
19. Chemical Data
20. Training Planner
21. Contractors
22. Process Safety
23. Chemical Labels

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Technical Safety Information
Posters
Topic & Fact Sheets
Development Information
Job Specific Safety Rules
Terrorism
Calculators
Safety Comic Strips

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