Flammable Materials & Storage Safety

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Flammable liquids, material and safe storage programs are an important part of a fire prevention program. Statistics indicate that over 21 percent of industrial fires and 15 percent of office fires start with the ignition of a flammable or combustible liquid. What makes these substances so hazardous? Flammable liquids burn at relatively low temperatures making them susceptible to catching fire or exploding when set off by even the smallest spark.

Take the time to know what flammable liquids you're working with and what the necessary precautions are. Remember flashpoints, auto ignition temperatures, and the basic principles of air and vapor mixtures. When flammable liquid is within the explosive range, you need to take extra precautions and follow the rules. Flammable liquids are used in hundreds of thousands of processes and they're used safely every day. However, the potential for mishaps is always there. Someone forgets to do this or that or some procedure is violated.

The answer to answer flammable liquid safety is to follow company safety procedures and work rules and, of course, the information provided for the manufacturer. Each employee holds the key to safety when working with flammable liquids. Knowledge is the first step, but putting that information to work for you makes the difference in safety.

Proper flammable material storage is essential for fire prevention. Flammable storage locations can range from purpose built building or storerooms to NFPA rated flammable storage cabinets. All flammable storage cabinets must be vented to the outside when they are installed.

Flammable Storage Locker Requirements include:

• Bottom, top and sides of cabinet shall be at least No. 18 gauge sheet steel
• Cabinet must be doubled walled with 1½" airspace
• Joints shall be riveted, welded or made tight by some equally effective means
• Door shall have a three point latch
• Door sill shall be raised at least 2" above the cabinet bottom to retain spilled liquid within the cabinet
• Cabinet shall have a "FLAMMABLE—KEEP FIRE AWAY" legend

These regulations also provide an option for wood cabinets. 1910.106(d)(3)(ii)(b) states that wood cabinets shall be constructed in the following manner:
• Bottom, top and sides of cabinet shall be at constructed of exterior grade plywood at least 1" thick
• Plywood shall not break down or delaminate under fire conditions
• Joints shall be rabbeted and fastened in two directions with flathead wood screws
• When more than one door is used, they should have a rabbeted overlap of not less than 1"
• Doors shall be equipped with latches and hinges that are mounted to not lose their holding capacity when subjected to fire
• Door sill or pan shall be raised at least 2" above the cabinet bottom to retain spilled liquid within the cabinet

All materials in the members area for this topic index

Program Material

(1)
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MS-WORD Flammable Liquid Safety Program

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(1)
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MS-WORD Flammable Storage Audit Guide
(1)
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MS-WORD Flammable Liquids Supervisor Safety Checklist
(3)
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MS-WORD Flammable And Combustible Materials Inspection General Form
MS-WORD Flammable Liquid And Material Construction Inspection Form
MS-WORD Fueling Inspection General Form

Training Material

(1)
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MS-WORD Flammable Liquid Hazards Safety Article
(1)
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MS-WORD Flammable Liquids Pamphlet
(1)
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MS-PPT Flammables 10 Hour
(1)
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MS-WORD Flammable Liquid Safety Session
(2)
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MS-WORD Chemical Bonding Grounding Talk
MS-WORD Chemical Flam Liquids Talk
(1)
Videos
OnLine Chemical Flammable

Awareness

(2)
Safety Comic Strip
MS-WORD Comic Archive Flammable Liquids Safety Comic Strip
MS-WORD Flammable Liquids Safety Comic Strip Spanish

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