Using forklifts to safely move material is a significant safety concern. During the movement of products and materials there are numerous opportunities for personal injury and property damage caused by improper forklift operations or safety procedures. Safety programs for forklifts, powered industrial tucks, hoists & lifting gear are essential.
OSHA Standard 1910.178 and equipment manufacturer's operator and maintenance manuals
Operators - Anyone who is expected to ever operate a forklift or other "Powered Industrial Truck" such as manlifts, pallett jacks, etc., must be training and certified as an operator.
Equipment - There are many different types of powered industrial trucks. Typically, these types of vehicles are known as forklifts or lift trucks. If your employees will be expected to operate several different types of powered industrial trucks, then training is required on the unique handling characteristics of the vehicles.
OSHA required that forklift training be conducted by a competent person. Your company decides the level of competency. The trainer must know the equipment, be able to conduct training and evaluate trainee performance. Training must consist of a combination of formal instruction and practical training.
Formal instruction may include lectures, conferences, classroom discussions, demonstrations, and written or oral tests. To make the training more understandable to the employee, consider using movies, slides, computers, video tapes and other visual presentations. being used.
A Forklift Safety or Powered Industrial Truck program is required by OSHA if your company has any mechanized-wheeled equipment for moving material or employees. OSHA's standard also covers motorized pallet jacks.
Ensure that the type motor or engine for each type forklift in service is compatible with the environment in which it will be used.
Refueling or recharging stations for forklifts must be designed with proper ventilation - petroleum or LP gas refueling areas must be outside - battery charging areas require a well ventilated area with eye-wash/showers and material for battery acid spill cleanup. Forklift Battery charging creates hydrogen gas which is highly explosive.
Look at the forklift operational environment for both the forklift and the operator. Select the type of forklift motor and classification that is compatible with potential and existing hazards.
Check paths of travel to ensure they are not restrictive and are well lit. Forklift traffic paths should be marked on the floor areas to warn pedestrians. Protect unguarded drop-offs and utility areas. Look at areas where forklifts must make corners - ensure stair landings or doorways do not exit blindly into forklift traffic paths.
Place signs and mirrors along traffic paths. Set and enforce a safe forklift speed limit both inside and outside.
Establish routine daily forklift operator inspections and documentation. Establish procedures for identification, removal from service, replacement and control of unsafe forklifts and equipment.
Install seatbelts on all seats and attachments for lanyards & harnesses for any equipment used to elevate a worker above floor level. All attachments must be authorized for the specific fork truck by the manufacturer. Label attachments to show with what equipment they can be used.
Shipping Docks - check all areas for forklift clearance. Conduct routine inspections of dock & bridge plates. Set up a key control system to prevent trailers from being pulled away from docks while loading with a forklift is in progress.
• Encourage awareness
• Promote participation
• Provide motivation
• Introduce new procedures
• Reinforce existing policies
Pre-Planning Whether a formal or informal meeting, being well prepared with an understanding of the topic will ensure that the training session time is not wasted. If you find yourself simply reading the material, you will probably loose their attention very quickly
Personalize It! If you want others to use the training you provide you must make it applicable to their situation and job conditions. Use examples from day to day operations.
Show & Tell. If the topic includes use of equipment such as locks, tags, safety glasses or tools, use these as props to show their proper use and the hazards of misuse.
Use Audience Knowledge. Many employees you will be teaching have years of experience. Keep them from getting bored by using active techniques such as, "John, tells us about the time.....".
Keep it Short. Most safety meeting topics can be completed in 15 to 20 minutes. Don't try to fill the time time.
Nuts & Bolts. Use a basic outline to keep your session flowing. An outline need only be reminder points to ensure you have covered all required areas. This will also help with a smooth opening and closing.
• Introduce yourself
• Introduce the topic
• Present your facts
• Discuss the applicable hazards
• Discuss hazard control
• Demonstrate the "How To"
• Ask questions during session
• Ask "What if...."
• Start a discussion• Summarize key points
Check Your Attitude! People will quickly pick up on the fact if you are just going through the motions because management says you must have a safety meeting. They will have less respect for you if you do not control the session as they know you should. Be positive, be animated.... allow your professional approach to catch on with others.
|Forklift And Motorized Pallet Jack Safety Program|
|Forklift Program Development|
|Forklift Safety Primer Safety Topic Fact Sheet|
|Preventing Injuries And Deaths Of Workers Who Operate Or Work Near Forklifts Safety Topic Fact Sheet|
|Safetyrules Forklift Rules|
|Suspension Trailer Inspection Safety Topic Fact Sheet|
Forms & Documents
|Forklift Pit Pre Shift Checklist|
|Forklift Powered Industrial Trucks Daily Checklist|
|Forklifts Supervisor Safety Checklist|
|Forklift Operator Required Training Form|
|Forklift Pit Operator Certificate Form|
|Suspension Trailer Inspection Form|
|Forklifts And Industrial Trucks Inspection General Form|
|Standup Forklift Accident Report|
|Forklift Crossword Answer Key|
|Forklift Training Handout Korean|
|Forklift Training Handout Spanish|
|Forklift Training Handout|
|Forklift Safety Training Outline|
|Battery Safety PowerPoint|
|Forklift Powered Industrial Trucks Training Overview PowerPoint|
|Forklift Safety PowerPoint Spanish|
|Forklift Safety PowerPoint|
|Forklift Safety Quiz Answer Key|
|Forklift Safety Quiz|
|Forklift Dock Reminder|
|Forklift Hazards Reminder|
|Forklift Parking Reminder|
|Forklift Pre Use Reminder|
|Forklift Traveling Reminder|
|Forklift Safety Session|
|2 Minute Safety Forklifts|
|Empty Skids And Pallets|
|Maint Battery Charging Talk|
|Opps Forklift Talk|
|Opps Pallet Jack Talk|
|Opps Wood Pallets Talk|
|Forklift Carbon Monoxide Hazard|
|Forklifts and Pedestrians|
Safety Comic Strip
|Comic Archive Forklift Safety Comic Strip|
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