If you use or store hazardous materials you are required to have a response plan for spills and releases. Emergency response teams must be trained and equipped to respond to foreseeable emergencies
Be prepared. Know your subject by reading, talking to subject matter experts, or have documentation available so that you can answer questions intelligently.
A brief overview of the Incident Command System, or Hazardous Materials Emergency Response ICS, the responsibilities of the parties involved at an incident response and describe the system of command that is vital to a successful incident response.
The system consists of procedures for controlling personnel, facilities, equipment and communications. It's designed to begin developing from the time an incident occurs until the requirement for management and operations no longer exists.
The Hazardous Materials Emergency Response ICS has five major functional areas: Command, Operations, Planning, Logistics, and Finance. These components work together interactively to provide the basis for an effective Hazardous Materials Emergency Response ICS operation. To be effective, an incident management system must be suitable for use regardless of the type of jurisdiction or agency involvement.
Common elements in organization, terminology and procedures are necessary for maximum application of a system and use of existing qualifications and standards. Effective fulfillment of these requirements must be combined with simplicity to ensure low operational maintenance costs.
The Incident Commander, or IC, has many responsibilities that include placing life safety as the highest priority. The second priority is incident stabilization and the third priority is property conservation. The size and complexity of the command system developed and implemented by the IC should be directly proportional to the magnitude and complexity of the incident. The Incident Commander must also determine strategic goals and tactical objectives. Damage and injuries that have already occurred cannot be alleviated, but further damage and personal suffering must be minimized.
Coordination is essential to effective incident management. Without it, resources will be wasted performing tasks that aren't necessary to the overall success of the incident response. Proper coordination will ensure that units are functioning within the action plan.
A command post, of whatever size, provides a central, stationary location to assist the IC in incident command and control. The command post is a field office for management functions such as gathering, analyzing and disseminating information. The command post location should be announced as soon as possible so that persons with certain functional assignments know where to report.
Integrated communications involves managing communications through the use of a common communications plan. Standard operating procedures should be established using common terminology and clear text. Effective two way communication is essential to successful incident management. Not only is it important that messages are received, it's important that they are acknowledged properly.
The command function within Hazardous Materials Emergency Response ICS may be conducted in two general ways.
Single command may be applied when there is no overlap of jurisdictional boundaries or when a single IC is designated by the agency with overall management responsibility for the incident. Unified command may be applied when the incident is within one jurisdictional boundary, but more than one agency shares management responsibility. Unified command is also used when the incident is multi jurisdictional in nature, or when more than one individual designated by his or her jurisdiction or agency shares overall management responsibility.
Under the unified command concept, all involved agencies contribute to the command process. Overall goals, planning tactical objectives, conducting integrated tactical operations and maximizing the use of available resources are decided jointly.
Another important component of an effective emergency management system is a manageable span of control. Span of control is defined as the number of subordinates one supervisor can manage effectively. Guidelines for the desirable range are from 3 to 7 persons, while the optimum number is five subordinates per Supervisor. Command officers must anticipate span of control problems and prepare for them especially during rapid buildup of incident organization.
Like all other Hazardous Materials Emergency Response ICS functions, staging also has specific responsibilities. The Staging area manager should establish a check-in procedure, respond to requests for resources and keep the IC or Operations Section Chief informed of the status of resources in the staging area. A properly run staging area provides significant advantages. It allows for fire fighter safety and personnel accountability, prevents premature deployment of companies and prevents freelancing. All these advantages are made possible because companies are logged in and given assignments, maintaining control of resources.
The potential magnitude of the service and support requirements may indicate that the IC delegate the functional authority for logistics to the Logistics Section Chief who manages service and support resources required for the incident. This individual should establish functional units when needed to maintain an acceptable workload and span of control.
Financial considerations are not a major problem during most incident operations. However, when an organization is involved in any incident that requires the use of private sector resources or incidents where agencies involved in response will be seeking reimbursement, the financial considerations can be extensive.
Forms & Documents
|Hazmat Incident Commander Checklist|
|Hazmat Operations Manager Checklist|
|Hazmat Safety Officer Checklist|
|Hazwoper Cpl Safety Article|
|Hazmat Trg Course Criteria|
|Hazmat Trg Course Management|
|Hazmat Trg Definitions|
|Hazmat Trg Emerg Response|
|Hazmat Trg Genhazwaste|
|Hazmat Trg RCRA OPS|
|40 Hour HAZWOPER PowerPoint Spanish|
|40 hour HAZWOPER PowerPoint|
|HAZWOPER 8Hr Operations PowerPoint Spanish|
|HAZWOPER 8Hr Operations PowerPoint|
|Hazardous Material Decontamination PowerPoint|
|Hazardous Waste Management Training PowerPoint Spanish|
|Hazardous Waste Management Training PowerPoint|
|Hazardous Materials Overview|
|Emergency Response Plan|
|Incident Command Checklist|
|Safety Control Checklist|
|Leak & Spill Response|
|Hazardous Material Team Training|
|General Hazardous Waste Operations|
|HazMat Treatment, storage and disposal|
|Emergency Response Training|
|Hazardous Materials Course Criteria|
|Incident Command System Forms|
|Organization Assignment List|
|Incident Radio Communications Plan|
|Site Safety and Control Plan|
|Incident Status Summary|
|Status Change Card|
|Operational Planning Worksheet|
|Incident Plan Safety Analysis|
|Incident Plan Safety Analysis Instructions|
|Radio Frequency Assignment Worksheet|
|Support Vehicle Inventory|
|Resource Status Card (Crew)|
|Resource Status Card (Helicopter)|
|Resource Status Card (Aircraft)|
|Resource Status Card (Heavy Equipment)|
|Air Operations Summary Worksheet|
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