Job Safety Analysis (JSA) & Safe Operating Procedures Workplace Safety Program

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Job Safety Analysis (JSA’s) is a process of determining physical requirements, environmental conditions and safety factors relating to a specific job or task. JSA’s are best used for stationary or repetitive production tasks or product movement, in which the job, equipment and work environment change very little.

Safe Operating Procedures (SOP’s) are written step-by-step procedures for a specific non-repetitive task which may be hazardous or critical. The purpose of an SOP is to provide written guidance for a particular task such that any qualified person can successfully and safely complete the task. SOP’s are best developed and used for highly skilled jobs and when the equipment and work environment change often. For example, an SOP with appropriate warnings and cautions, would best be developed and used for tasks such as confined space entry, maintenance tasks, lockout-tagout, welding operations, system startup and shutdown.

JSA’s/SOP’s provide

• PPE determination process
• Resource for supervisors to train new employees
• Control of job steps
• Identification and control of potential hazards
• Benchmark for accident investigation• Review of employee performance



• ensure complete & effective JSA’s are developed for all production tasks
• ensure JSA’s are reviewed with new hires and annually thereafter
• utilize JSA’s and SOP’s in accident investigations and retraining
• ensure JSA’s & SOP’s are modified if a new step or process is added
• ensure SOP’s are developed for non-routine tasks that have a high degree of safety risk


• use JSA’s and SOP’s to train all new employees
• use JSA’s and SOP’s when performing job performance evaluations
• develop and submit JSA’s for all tasks in their area of responsibility
• review JSA’s annually with all employees assigned to their department
The most important person in JSA process is the Supervisor, who is in constant contact with employees and should be familiar with the hazards in their Department. Supervisors are in a better position to recognize and correct unsafe acts and conditions as they occur.

Safety Coordinator:

• assist Management and Supervisors in developing JSAs and SOPs
• maintain a master file of all JSAs and SOPs
• ensure new JSAs or SOPs are developed for new equipment or processes
• ensure SOPs are posted for tasks that occur at fixed locations (i.e.. Bench Grinders, Boiler Operations, etc)


Forms and documents available for developing SOPs and JSAs are:

Job Safety Analysis Form
Job Safety Analysis Task Steps
Task Hazard Assessment Worksheet
Task Hazard Prevention & Control Worksheet

SOP Process

A Safe Operating Procedure consists of:

A written step by step procedure for a specific task
A description of possible hazards & cautions
Hazard Control steps
List of required personal protective equipment (PPE)
Qualifications required for the operation
SOP’s may be permanently posted or consist of multi-page instructions that are to be reviewed prior to each time a qualified person performs the task.

SOP’s are developed and completed by the following steps:

1. Draft Development of SOPs
2. Review and approval of SOPs
3. Implementation of SOPs
4. Review and updating SOPs
5. Periodic Training using SOPs

JSA Process

A Job Safety Analysis consist of:

1. Job Physical Requirements
2. Job Environmental Conditions
3. Personal Protective Equipment required
4. Sequence of Basic Job Steps
5. Potential Accident or Hazards associated with each step
6. Safe Job Practice for each step

Job Safety Analysis are completed through the followings steps:

1. Development of JSA’s
2. Review and approval of JSA’s
3. Implementation of JSA’s
4. Review and updating JSA’s
5. Periodic Training using JSA’s

Development of JSA/SOP

There are many ways to develop JSA/SOPs, however, observation and team approach has proven the most reliable. By watching the tasks, the observer can see first hand what is required, recognize the hazards and recommend alternatives. Below is the sequence used to develop a JSA/SOP:
1. Select the most experienced employee to observe
2. Explain the purpose of your observations
3. Observe the task and define the steps used to complete the assignment
4. Record the basic steps
5. Review the steps with the observed Employee for clarity
6. Observe the task a second time and identify any hazard potentials and record the findings. Hazard types include:
Contact with Chemicals
Caught on or between
Fall or Slip
Over exertion
Cumulative Trauma
7. Observe the task a third time to develop corrective measures to all



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